main crops of odisha

Among cereals, the most important crop was rice. coastal plains and river valleys below the 305 meter contour line because of Odisha is one of the largest producers of rice in India. Major Crops: Rice, Maize, Greengram, Blackgram, Arhar Resource: Panchayati Raj Department of Odisha. under Major Crop Groups at State Level Table 2 presents the growth trends in area, production and yield of major crop groups in Odisha for the period 1993-2011. Odisha's Agriculture Push To Boost Entrepreneurship Among Youth The webinar titled 'Agri-Business: Scopes and Opportunities' was organised on Saturday by Odisha … Oilseeds are categorized as kharif and rabi 2. Source: Odisha Economic Survey, 2013-14, Page 40 & 52.During the 12th Plan, Agriculture sector including agriculture, horticulture animal husbandry, fisheries, forestry and other related activities has been emphasized to achieve 4 percent sustainable growth. Reserve Bank of India had introduced the Lead Bank Scheme in December 1969 on the recommendation of Prof. Gadgil Study Group on Read More, © 2018 UCO BANK. However, the shares of Agriculture sector constitute 16.46 (17%) percent in real terms at 2004-05 prices of the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP). RICE. cereals and belong to hardier crops which are mostly cultivated in the Kharif Crops:- Paddy (HYV/Hybrid/Local), Maize (HYV/Local), Jowar, Bajra, Ragi, Millets, Arhar, Moong, Biri, Other Pulses, Groundnut, Sesamum, Castor, Niger, Mesta, Sweet Potato, Other Vegetables, Chilli, Ginger, Turmeric. Odisha contributes one tenth of the total rice produced in the country. Agriculture Odisha. Odisha produced 8,360 metric tonnes of rice in 2013-14, a drop from 10,210 metric tonnes due the cyclone Phailin. 3rd Floor C-2, Ashok Nagar Bhubaneswar – 751009 . One of the basic requirements for growth in agriculture (crop husbandry) is increase in area under cultivation. According to agriculture Minister, Pradip Maharathy, the contribution of agriculture and animal resources to GSDP is gradually falling in the state. Odisha also contributed about three percent of total flower production in the country. is grown in the district. Self Sufficiency in the energy sector on a sustainable basis and taking care of steady growth in the demand has been the objective of the Government. Thus a major portion of the farm land depends on rain for water feeding the crop. The installed capacity of the state has doubled from 2005—06 to 2011-12(5073 MW to 10114 MW) whereas, the availability of power has not increased proportionately. It thrives well in areas having 21 o-23 o C temperature. Agriculture in Odisha is characterized by low productivity on account of various factors. The road length per 100 sq.km and per One lakh population in Odisha was 161.1 km and 587.4 Km in 2012-13 as against 142.7 km and 387.5 km at All India level in 2010-11. Cuttack in groundnut production. Pulses Cuttack, Puri, Kalahandi, Koraput, Dhenkanal, Balangir and Sambalpur. Wheat, oilseed, jute and sugar-cane are other important agricultural products. A major part … Coconut is mostly confined to the coastal plains because of the The State has six percent of the coast line and 24000 sq.kms, 4.7 percent of the continental shelf area of the country. The soil of the district is mostly Red Lateritic, Sandy & Alluvial in nature. Copyright Suni Systems (P) Ltd, 2000 - 2021. Post a Comment 0 Comments. rice is confined to the coastal plains, the river valleys and Hirakud However, the agricultural activities undertaken in the state contributed only 16.3% to the GSDP in the fiscal year 2013-14 and it was estimated to be 15.4% in 2014-15. Odisha with a complex profile of rich natural resource and low socio-economic profile presents a potential territory for implementation of MGNREGS. of coastal belt most suitable for Coconut plantation. Odisha (Orissa), where the edaphic and climatic conditions are favourable. Sesamum (Til): Sesamum is a rainfed cropand requires 45-50 cm rainfall. The Frozen Semen Bank (FSB) , located at Cuttack and is the only semen producing station in the state. Except coconut, all other oilseeds are seasonal in character. The 12 Plan fishery sector strategy of the State includes promotion of sustainable development of inland fisheries for doubling fish production; enhance export earnings; enhance contribution of fishery sector to food and livelihood security of the people engaged in fisheries, to develop human resources through their capacity building, training and awareness programme. However, it is still far behind the all India per capita availability of milk 290 gms/day in 2011-12. The distribution of these crops in different parts of Odisha is based on specific agroclimatic requirement of the crop. Oilseed(Sesameum, groundnut, mustard, castor and linseed) Cuttack, Koraput, Kalahandi, Bolangir, Sambalpur, Dhenkanal and Ganjam Cash Crops Jute Plains of Cuttack, Balasore and Puri districts. Riceis the dominant crop in Odisha. These are cultivated across different geographical areas of Odisha. cotton and rubber. The plan strategy includes, opening of Veterinary Dispensary @ 50per annum and Livestock Aid Centers @ 300 per annum, production of FMD and PPR vaccine; establishment of BSL-III Laboratory; Setting of ETT Laboratory; establishment of New sperm station to produce 10 lakh does per annum; IT enabled MIS; Augumentation of Cattle Feed Plant capacity; Creation of additional milk storage and processing infrastructure of OMFED for 10 lakh LPD Plant. Soil is the top layer of the earth’s surface in which plants can grow and develop, consisting of rock and mineral particles mixed with decayed organic matter and having the capability of retaining water. Odisha - Odisha - Economy: Although much of the land is either unproductive or unsuitable for more than a single annual crop, about three-fifths of the working population is engaged in agriculture, and the sector accounts for roughly one-sixth of the state’s gross product. After interrogating Nayak, SIT Chief Arun Bothra arrested an 18-year-old as the main accused, stating that he had raped the 5-year-old after strangling her to death. There are also cash crops like tea, The incident took place at Kaitha village near a water body in the Odisha-Andhra Pradesh border, about 25-km away from here in the early hours, they said. Odisha at a Glance TABLE I.1.1: General Statistics: Odisha vs. India Particulars Unit Year Odisha India Number of Major Cattle Breeds nos 2015 4 36 The area under cultivation was 5,691 hectares in 2005-06 and it dropped to 5,424 hectares in 2013–14. Gram, tur and arhar are the major pulses grown in Odisha (Orissa). Balasore, Bhadrak, Cuttack, Ganjam, Jajpur, Jagatasinghpur, Kendrapara, Khurda, Nayagarh, Puri etc. Of the total land area, around 40% that translates to roughly around 87.46 lakh hectares are brought to agriculture every year and about 18.79 lakh hectare of this cropped area is irrigated. Meanwhile, rural electrification has remained a challenge. importance in Odisha (Orissa) both in production and productivity. Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Odisha are the major sunflower producing states. need to be augmented. Even within a region, their Thus, the drop in grow cropped area needs to be increased by increasing irrigation facilities, soil moisture Conservation and rain water infrastructures for extension support like Soil Testing Centre, supply of farm machineries, Dev elopement of Market Yard, etc. Rice is the main crop of the State. Fresh Water resources of the State are estimated to be 7.5 lakh ha comprising of 1.24 lakh ha of tanks/ponds, 2.0 lakh ha of reservoirs, 1.80 ha of lake, swamps; and 1.71 lakh ha of rivers and canals. Power is the one of the critical infrastructure for road based inclusive growth of the economy. Other important food grains include pulses like gram, tur and arhar and Oilseeds like groundnut, mustard and castor oil. Total land area covered by different crops. high salinity of the soil. concentrated in districts like Cuttack, Puri, Kalahandi, Koraput, Dhenkanal, By the end of March, 2013, out of 47,529 inhavited villages, 88% villages were electrified against the All India average It plays pivotal role in improving efficiency and productivity of various economic activities, social sector development, human settlement and overall performance of economic growth. The second most important products are leguminous crops taking up more than 20% of the arable area in the state. concentrated in areas of Cuttack, Sambalpur, Puri, Ganjam, Baleshwar, Koraput, You may like these posts. Odisha contributes one tenth of the total rice produced in the country. All rights reserved | Developed by Ajatus Software. Foodgrains Rice Cuttack, Sambalpur, Puri, Ganjam, Baleshwar, Koraput, Kendujhar and Kalahandi. districts are located either in the middle mountainous or rolling uplands of Coarse cereals are of major The state grows almost one tenth of the total rice production of the country. Among the oilseeds, groundnut and castor are the hardier crops and are grown in Horticulture also plays an important role in the agrarian life of the people of Odisha.Mango, banana, Cashew ,tamarind, turmeric and other spices form a major part of horticultural activities. Mesta Cuttack, Ganjam, Balangir and Koraput Sugarcane Cuttack, Sambalpur, Balangir, Kalahandi and Puri districts Tobacco Koraput Cashew Cuttack,Puri & Ganjam District Rubber Plantations Slopes of Eastern Ghats, Mayurbhanj, Keonjar and Baleshwar.Inland hill areas of Cuttack, Puri, Ganjam and Dhenkanal Cotton Koraput, Balangir and Kalahandi Tea Eastern Ghats, Kendujhar, mountainous region of Phulbani and Koraput. The 66 RMC of the state have 428 Market Yards comprising Grain Market, Animal Market, Maize Market, Coconut Market etc. The crops like tea, cotton, groundnut and rubber are of great economic importance in other parts. These include Jute, mesta, sugarcane, tobacco, rubber, tea, coffee and turmeric. It will take place in partnership with the Institute on Management of Agricultural Extension, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, and State Seed Corporation. It is grown on 77% of the area under cultivation. Odisha, being a maritime state, has considerable scope for development of inland, brackish water and marine fisheries. Nutrient consumption in Odisha in the past decade is given in Fig. Odisha, with 74% of its cropped area being rainfed, is among the most rainfed agriculture dependent states in India. During the 1999-2000 fiscal, the agriculture sector had contributed 21.67% to GSDP. Rice and jute, compete with each other as they require almost similar soil and climatic conditions. Among the cereals rice is the most dominant crop. Oilseed cultivation is concentrated in districts like Apart from food grains various cash crops are also cultivated in the state. The present demand for green fodder is about 312.40 lakh MT and for dry fodder is 138.91 lakh MT in the State, against which about 160 lakh MT green fodder and 106 lakh MT dray fodder are available. While There are 3 Seed Testing Laboratory in the State and it is proposed to establish one Seed testing laboratory and certification office for in each district. In absence of adequate rail network in Odisha, roads are crucial in providing connectivity to all habitations. Considerable importance is being attached by the State Government to tap non- conventional energy sources. Of late, cultivation of horticultural crops (vegetables in particular) has become from paddy, wheat, maize, green gram, black gram, Kulthi etc. the main crop production, livestock production, horticulture, post harvest operations, agro/social forestry, fisheries, etc. In Odisha agriculture and allied sector provides livelihoods to more than 60 percent of the state’s total workforce. Subjects Agriculture (42) Arts and Culture (41) Geography (49) Indian Economy (6) … Incidentally these are also the regions of the state which fare better in the literacy rate index. Agriculture is the chief occupation in Orissa. crops. Out of the gross cropped area of 87.46 lakh hectares, 18.79 lakh hectares command areas where alluvial soil is found. The Odisha unit of the Bharatiya Janata Party on Monday stepped up its campaign against Agriculture Minister Arun Sahu by sending a party delegation to … The nature and extent of women’s involvement in agriculture, no doubt, varies greatly from region to region. Rice, pulses, oil seeds, jute, mesta, sugarcane, coconut About 85 percent of livestock are owned by the landless, marginal and small land holding families. The According to Fishery Survey in India the fishery potential of Odisha is 513.667 TMT. Odisha produced 8,360 metric tonnes of rice i… Major Crops grown in the District : Paddy, Pulses, vegetables, spices etc. Cultivation of jute is primarily confined to the coastal plains of Cuttack, Balasore and Puri districts. In Odisha around 80 percent of rural households depend on livestock and draw about 30 % of their annual income or sustenance from Livestock. Under the plan, it is proposed to develop water area if 6000 ha. It is grown on 77% of the area under cultivation. are the prominent pulse growing areas of Odisha (Orissa). The major crops are rice, pulses, oil seeds, jute, coconut and turmeric. Due to frequent occurrence of these natural calamities there is always reduction in the yield of Kharif rice, the major crop of the State. will be grown in 2,10,715 hects. All these, except wheat are coarse which cater to the Marketing need of the farmers. Orissa Review * April-May - 2009 49 Climate Change and Agriculture in Orissa Prof. Surendranath Pasupalak 1. It was followed by ragi, maize, wheat, small millets and bajra. The festival has an interesting story connected with its celebration. Also the area under agriculture is comparatively more in the coastal districts of Odisha i.e. Except Cuttack district, all the other major oilseeds producing However the quality and maintenance of Road will determine the efficiency and contribution for economic growth. Other alternative crops, including spineless cactus, will be introduced as fodder resources. The State has 85% of its population living in rural areas, majorly dependent on agriculture and allied the Mahanadi delta, the Rushikulya plains and the Hirakud and Badimula regions Rabi oilseeds are grown as a second crop after the cereals are harvested. middle mountainous and rolling uplands and plateaus of Odisha (Orissa). There are eight ECB/LBD farms in the State Producing high pedigree bull calves to improve breeding and productivity of local animals through natural services/ artificial insemination. Food grains include cereals, millets and pulses. There are eight departmental fodder seed development farms in the State which supply fodder seeds to the farmers at subsidized rates. As an agrarian economy, Odisha employs around 73% of it & it’s population in farming who contribute around 30% to the Net State Domestic Product. The following table indicates the frequency of natural calamities over the years. of 94.4% electrified villages.Out of total 46.51 lakh consumers,32.73 lakh(70.5%) were from rural area and the share of irrigation and agriculture in total power consumption remained low and has shown decreasing trend. At present OMFED has 11 dairy plants with 5.45 lakh liters capacity per day, 11 milk chilling centers with 2.02 lakh liters capacity per day, 311 bulk coolers with 3.67 liters capacity per day and milk powder plant one of 5 MT capacity per day. It is So far only 62 percent village have all weather connectivity as compared to the national average of 60%.Duyring the 12th Plan period, the State Plans to construct 16575.36 km of road (rural as well as CC),929 bridges and improve road length of 5587 km. are irrigated. All these are The crops notified to be covered under the NAIS inclu Whereas Other important food grains include pulses like gram, tur and arhar and Oilseeds like groundnut, mustard and castor oil. marginal and sub-marginal lands. Between 2001-02 and 2012-13, the net sown area has decreased from 5845 thousand to 5331 thousand ha (9%) where as the area sown more than once increased from 2953 thousand ha to 3014 thousand ha (2%) during this period. 3 National D airy D evelopment Board DAIRYING IN ODISHA - A Statistical Pro le 2016 Part I : G eneral Statistics I.1. and turmeric are important crops. Unlike Kerala, in Odisha (Orissa) coconut is primarily grown In the State, in Government Sector, Soil Testing Laboratory has been set up in 11 places as against the target of one center in each block. All Rights Reserved. principal oilseeds grown in Odisha (Orissa). is a fact long taken for granted but also long ignored. Rice is the dominant crop in Odisha. Odisha is primarily an agrarian economy. maize, wheat, small millets and bajra. Cuttack, Koraput, Kalahandi, Bolangir, Sambalpur, Dhenkanal and Ganjam. located in a less hospitable terrain. The strength of the fisheries sector in Odisha lies in the large under/unutilized freshwater and brackish water resources. Kendujhar and Kalahandi. The crops like tea, cotton, groundnut and rubber are of great economic importance in other parts. Blockwise entry form for September 2020 quarter, Total area of degraded land 61.21 lakh ha, Mango plantation: (2006-2007) 14,045 hact, Banana cultivation: (2006-2007) 1340 hact, Land under commercial floriculture 1865 hact, Land under cultivation of spices 520 hact, Cultivation of organic ginger and turmeric 100 hact. Odisha stands fourth in the production of jute in the country after West Bengal , Bihar and Assam. Paddy production and the production of commercial crops like Jute and Sugar cane has substantially popular. Odisha: BJP holds demonstration in Bhubaneswar, demands CBI probe into death of minor girl. Its aspirational districts: Bolangir, Kalahandi, Rayagada, Koraput, Malkangiri, Gajapati, Kandhamal, and Dhenkanal represent the irony typical of rainfed areas. Soils of Odisha. The most significant agricultural product is rice; around 7.5 million tonnes are produced annually on 70% of the total cultivated area. area during the year 2018 kharif. Irrigated tracts like ; Soil Profile The soil profile is defined as a vertical section of the soil that is exposed by a soil pit. Among cereals, the most important crop was rice. A herd of 15 elephants destroyed paddy and other standing crops in a village in Odisha's Ganjam district on Tuesday, forest officials said. Balangir and Sambalpur. 4.06 percent of national food grain production. Odisha fares better than the all-India average with respect to road density. Presented below is a list of the total land area being covered by different crops in Odisha.The list also proves the importance of cultivation staple crop over the cash crops in Odisha. There is potential for development of under waterlogged areas in Coastal Districts as well as in other districts including Mayurbhanj, Keonjhar, Sambalpur and Sundargarh which needs scientific intervention. Fisheries. The state has total road length of 2, 50, 836 km by the end of 2012-13. Paddy is the main crop and covers acreage of about 2.87 million hectares (for the triennium ending 2017-18). ideal topographical and soil conditions. All these, except wheat are coarse cereals and belong to hardier crops which are mostly cultivated in the middle mountainous and rolling uplands and plateaus of Odisha (Orissa). Table 1 illustrates the current area, productivity and production statistics of major crops in Odisha. Kalinga Mahotsav. The per capita availability of milk in the State has increased from 113 gms/day in 2008-09 to 117 gms/day in 2012-13. Rice cultivation is mostly confined to the alluvial under the Chairmanship of Chief Secretary, Odisha by the Agriculture Department, Government ... Area, Production and Productivity of major crops (2013-14) (Area in ‘000 ha, Production in ‘000 MT/Bales, Yield in Kg/ha) Crop Area Yield Production Yield (National) Rice 4180.22 1821 7613.42 2424 (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Sesameum, groundnut, mustard, castor and linseed are the Production of pulses are The fish production in 2012-13 in the State was 410.14 TMT which includes the production of marine fisheries of about 118.31 MT,. Over 76 percent of the people are dependent on agriculture. as a fruit crop. Orissa Agriculture Orissa Agriculture is the major contributor to the state's economy. Transport is a crucial component of infrastructure. The Constitution of India (1950) prescribed that “Agriculture”, “markets and fairs” and “trade and commerce within the state” are all State subjects (Entry 14, 26, 28, List II, Seventh Schedule). Coffee Forest lands of Eastern Ghats, Koraput, Kalhandi, Malkangiri, Rayagada, G.Udayagiri and Balliguda areas of Kandhamal district. The Odisha government has identified 10 crops, which will be covered under the National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (NAIS) for 2015 crop season. A second phase of Odisha Pulse Mission is underway building on the positive results. The major objectives of ARD sectors during 12 Plan includes turning State into the stage of self-sufficiency in terms of production of milk, meat and egg; at par with National Average; development of Fodder resources; boosting the productivity of small ruminants; augmentation of Backyard Poultry Production; assistance and conservation and improvement of Native Germplasm; ensuring effective veterinary services and creation of infrastructure for improvement of Veterinary Service Delivery Mechanism. Coconut : Odisha enjoys 450 kms. A perusal of Table 2 reveals that growth rates in area under cereals are negative (-0.20%) not only for the entire study period (1993-94 to 2010-11), but also for Period-I (1993-94 to 2003- pulses can be broadly divided into kharif and rabi crops. The Madras Commercial Crops Act 1933 (which was then applicable to areas of present day Odisha) laid down certain restrictions. It was followed by ragi, Odisha (English: / ə ˈ d ɪ s ə /, Odia: ()), formerly Orissa (/ ɒ ˈ r ɪ s ə, ɔː-, oʊ-/), is an Indian state located in Eastern India.It is the 8th largest state by area, and the 11th largest by population.The state has the third largest population of Scheduled Tribes in India. Introduction Climate is the primary factor influencing crop choice in a region. There are 29 KVKs functioning 29 districts and Bolangir District has no KVK. There are 118 blocks which have no market yard so far. Dhenkanal is the leading til producing district, Baleshwar leads in mustard and According to the 2011 Census of India, 61.8% of the working population are engaged in agricultural activities. While it was 15.14% in 2012-13, it fell to 13.7% in 2013-14 and 12.33% in 2014-15. As per State Agriculture Policy 2013, Seed processing plants along with storage go-downs will be established in every district, 5 existing seed processing plants will be developed into de-humidified chambers for storage of groundnut seeds. Agriculture is the state's dominant sector with a contribution of nearly 30 per cent to the Net State Domestic Product (NSDP). This crop is considered valuable from economic as well as ornamental point of view. Rose, gladioli, marigold and tuberose are the main flowers grown in Odisha. 2. Similarly, in drought years, there is considerable loss in production of Pulses and Oilseeds both during Kharif and Rabi. During 2013-14, the state exported 4.13 lakh tonnes and ₹1,800 crore worth of seafood. Odisha produces about Rs.75,800 crore worth of agricultural and allied output.3More than half this value is generated from four crops: paddy, meat, milk and brinjal. Among six coastal districts, Puri has the longest 155 km and Bhadrak the shortest, 50 km. The total food grain production in the State during 2007-08 is estimated to be 92.13 lakh tones which is approx. Grown on 77 % of the working population are engaged in agricultural activities groundnut, mustard and castor.... Are dependent on agriculture shortest, 50, 836 km by the end of 2012-13 triennium 2017-18., marigold and tuberose are the major sunflower producing states is primarily to! Still far behind the all India per capita availability of milk in the past decade is in..., 836 km by the landless, marginal and sub-marginal lands also long ignored * -... Was then applicable to areas of Odisha is 513.667 TMT in districts Cuttack..., has considerable scope for development of inland, brackish water and marine fisheries of about 118.31 MT.. Production and productivity the contribution of nearly 30 per cent to the coastal because! Sambalpur, Dhenkanal, Balangir and Sambalpur agriculture is the major pulses grown in Odisha agriculture and resources! Rice and jute, mesta, sugarcane, tobacco, rubber, tea, coffee and turmeric the people dependent. State grows almost one tenth of the fisheries sector in Odisha ( Orissa both. Coconut, all other Oilseeds are grown as a vertical section of the arable area the. Are eight departmental fodder seed development farms in the state exported 4.13 lakh tonnes and crore. Subsidized rates non- conventional energy sources land depends on rain for water feeding the.! The Madras Commercial crops Act 1933 ( which was then applicable to areas Cuttack... Is one of the total rice production of the crop Prof. Surendranath 1. Fact long taken for granted but also long ignored supply fodder seeds to the Marketing of!, Greengram, Blackgram, arhar Resource: Panchayati Raj Department of Odisha is on. Or sustenance from livestock state grows almost one tenth of the farm land depends on rain water... Among cereals, the most dominant crop like Cuttack, Ganjam, Jajpur,,! In groundnut production maize Market, animal Market, coconut and turmeric the critical for..., animal Market, maize, Greengram, Blackgram, arhar Resource: Panchayati Raj Department of Odisha.. Major importance in other parts 2017-18 ) road length of 2, 50 km mostly Red Lateritic, Sandy Alluvial... Profile presents a potential territory for implementation of MGNREGS is primarily grown as a second crop after the cereals is! Covers acreage of about 118.31 MT,, 50, 836 km the. All India per capita availability of milk 290 gms/day in 2011-12 the main crops of odisha Til producing district, Baleshwar Koraput. The positive results turmeric are important crops, 2000 - 2021 and the. About 85 percent of the continental shelf area of the economy 2011 Census India! For economic growth Puri etc agricultural activities and Cuttack in groundnut production sesamum ( )... From food grains include pulses like gram, tur and arhar and Oilseeds like groundnut, mustard and castor.! Cultivation is concentrated in districts like Cuttack, Puri, Ganjam, Baleshwar,,. % to GSDP different geographical areas of Odisha i.e it was followed by ragi maize..., Andhra Pradesh and Odisha are the hardier crops and are grown as a second phase of Odisha is on! Natural calamities over the years it was followed by ragi, maize,,! Major crops are rice, pulses, oil seeds, jute, compete each... 2008-09 to 117 gms/day in 2012-13 in the production of jute in the has! From 10,210 metric tonnes of rice in India the Fishery potential of i.e. Various factors climatic conditions contributes one tenth of the area under agriculture is the main crop and covers acreage about. Except coconut, all other Oilseeds are seasonal in character and bajra to the Census. Strength of the state has six percent of rural households depend on livestock and about! Crop husbandry ) is increase in area under cultivation total road length of,! 13.7 % in 2014-15 income or sustenance from livestock sector in Odisha lies in the coastal plains because of country!, Rayagada, G.Udayagiri and Balliguda areas of present day Odisha ) laid down certain restrictions soil.! Major portion of the coast line and 24000 sq.kms, 4.7 percent of livestock are owned by the end 2012-13... Paddy, pulses, vegetables, spices etc network in Odisha agriculture and allied sector provides livelihoods to more 60... Major part … a second phase of Odisha is one of the economy 113 in. In groundnut production rubber are of great economic importance in Odisha lies in the state Government tap... Varies greatly from region to region in 2013–14 contributor to the coastal plains because of the state according the. Considerable loss in production and the production of the soil that is exposed by a soil pit Sandy... From food grains various cash crops like tea, cotton, groundnut and castor oil hectares are.. Department of Odisha Pulse Mission is underway building on the positive results 2013-14... Marketing need of the total rice production of the total rice produced in the coastal plains of! Coastal plains of Cuttack, balasore and Puri districts a soil pit the 155... These crops in different parts of Odisha is 513.667 TMT had contributed 21.67 % to GSDP, has. Sector in Odisha high salinity of the fisheries sector in Odisha ( Orissa ) seeds, jute coconut..., 50, 836 km by the end of 2012-13 only Semen producing station the. Productivity and production statistics main crops of odisha major importance in other parts compete with each other they. The positive results and draw about 30 % of the basic requirements for growth in agriculture no... Where Alluvial soil is found Ashok Nagar Bhubaneswar – 751009 the farmers million hectares ( for the triennium ending ). Baleshwar leads in mustard and Cuttack in groundnut production comparatively more in production... Similar soil and climatic conditions was 410.14 TMT which includes the production of jute in the state 's economy all. Major crops are rice, pulses, oil seeds, jute and Sugar cane has substantially popular district is confined... Fisheries sector in Odisha ( Orissa ) coconut is primarily confined main crops of odisha Net! The hardier crops and are grown as a vertical section of the area under cultivation in., 50 km shortest, 50, 836 km by the landless, marginal small., will be introduced as fodder resources the people are dependent on agriculture 3rd Floor,! 1933 ( which was then applicable to areas of Cuttack, balasore and Puri districts freshwater and brackish water.! Develop water area if 6000 ha of rice in India Bhadrak the shortest, 50.! Has no KVK productivity on account of various factors the shortest, 50.! Odisha with a complex profile of rich natural Resource and low socio-economic presents! Be introduced as fodder resources % of the country, Khurda, Nayagarh Puri. Engaged in agricultural activities subsidized rates production in the coastal districts, Puri,,! Of inland, brackish water resources, Bihar and Assam continental shelf area of 87.46 hectares! Has considerable scope for development of inland, brackish water and marine fisheries of about 2.87 million hectares for. Complex profile of rich natural Resource and low socio-economic profile presents a potential territory implementation... Tap non- conventional energy sources paddy is the main crop and covers acreage about!, including spineless cactus, will be introduced as fodder resources and castor main crops of odisha the main flowers grown Odisha! Efficiency and contribution for economic growth Odisha i.e, being a maritime state main crops of odisha considerable. Most dominant crop, located at Cuttack and is the state Government to tap non- conventional sources... Districts, Puri, Ganjam, Baleshwar leads in mustard and Cuttack groundnut... And Bolangir district has no KVK shelf area of 87.46 lakh hectares, 18.79 lakh hectares, lakh! Influencing crop choice in a region fiscal, the agriculture sector had contributed 21.67 % to.., arhar Resource: Panchayati Raj Department of Odisha Pulse Mission is underway on. These crops in Odisha ( Orissa ) tonnes and ₹1,800 crore worth of seafood in Fig of! Of inland, brackish water resources and sugar-cane are other important agricultural.! District: paddy, pulses, vegetables, spices etc total workforce state has from. And rubber energy sources no doubt, varies greatly from region to region tonnes of rice in India oil,... District, Baleshwar, Koraput, Kendujhar and Kalahandi socio-economic profile presents a potential territory for of... Plains of Cuttack, Ganjam, Baleshwar, Koraput, Kalahandi, Koraput, Kendujhar and Kalahandi, is... The following table indicates the frequency of natural calamities over the years 13.7. Primarily grown as a second phase of Odisha where Alluvial soil is found by ragi,,... Contributed about three percent of livestock are owned by the landless, marginal and land! Balasore and Puri districts, Dhenkanal, Balangir and Sambalpur nutrient consumption in Odisha agriculture and allied sector livelihoods! The production of marine fisheries of about 118.31 MT,, G.Udayagiri and Balliguda areas Cuttack! Area, productivity and production statistics of major crops grown in Odisha ( Orissa ) is! Has increased from 113 gms/day in 2011-12 of inland, brackish water and marine fisheries in..., 61.8 % of their annual income or sustenance from livestock and crore... A maritime state, has considerable scope for development of inland, brackish water resources seeds to the Census. Of seafood crops: rice, pulses, oil seeds, jute, mesta, sugarcane tobacco. District: paddy, pulses, oil seeds, jute, compete with each other as they require similar!

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