german vs roman chamomile plants

Roman chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile), or perennial chamomile, grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9. German (matricaria recutita) and Roman (anthemis nobilis) Chamomile are actually two different species and are distinguished by their differentiating properties. Interesting to note, there are several different types of chamomile flowers, like Roman Chamomile, German Chamomile, Moroccan chamomile, Yellow chamomile, Wild chamomile, Egyptian chamomile. Regular water will keep the plants in bloom longer, but chamomile plants are very drought tolerant, once established. Hop and Medicinal Plants, Year XXVII, No. The two most sought-after for their medicinal benefits are German Chamomile (Matricaria recutita) and Roman Chamomile (Anthemis nobilis). © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Uses: People have used German chamomile for diarrhea, indigestion and heartburn. Another benefit of Roman chamomile is that it can help revive nearby sickly plants. I have all three. Gather newly opened flowers in summer. It is cultivated in the United States, England, Belgium, France and Argentina. Chamomile Roman, Chamaemelum nobile, and Chamomile German, Matricaria chamomilla, are both aromatic herbs often used interchangeably. And all are good for diffusing to promote rest and relaxation, but maybe the CR eo and the CG eo would be better diffused than CG CO2. Roman/ True Chamomile is native to western and southern Europe, East Africa and the Middle East. First things first: both German chamomile and Roman chamomile are great for alleviating anxiety and reducing stress. German Chamomile is hardy in USDA zones 5 to 8 (6). However, you may notice that German chamomile essential oils are blue. Roman Chamomile . Inhaling steam from German Chamomile infusion may relieve common cold symptoms. All of the chamomile essential oils are gentle and they are safe for frequent use on the skin and through inhalation. It’s low-growing, so it makes a charming ground cover or pot filler around taller flowers. Roman chamomile is a perennial that is often used for ground cover. German chamomile, Roman chamomile: Plant Type: German chamomile is an annual flower while Roman chamomile is a perennial: Mature Size: 8 to 24 inches: Sun Exposure: Full sun: Soil Type: Not too rich, organic soil: Soil pH: 5.6 to 7.5: Bloom Time: Spring and summer: Flower Color: White petals with yellow center: Hardiness Zones : 3 to 9: Native Area: Central and southern Europe GERMAN CHAMOMILE: Matricaria recutita: Member $3.95 Non-Member $4.95. Roman chamomile is referred to in some sources as Anthemis nobilis, in others as Chamaemelum ­nobile. Roman chamomile is easily grown from seed; if you allow your plants to go to seed at the end of the season, it will self-seed providing even more ground cover the following year. There are two common types of chamomile used medicinally today: German chamomile (chamomillarecutita) and Roman chamomile (chamaemelumnobile). Chamomile has long been used as a carminative, and as an anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer remedy to protect gastric mucous membranes. German Chamomile is hardy in USDA zones 5 to 8 (6). Therefore, the knowledge of the differences between Roman and German chamomile is useful. University of Maryland Medical Center: Roman Chamomile, Fine Gardening: Chamaemelum Nobile and Cvs. Roman: Chamaemelum nobile syn Anthemis nobilis German: Chamomilla recutita syn Matricaria chamomilla Family: Compositae (Asteraceae) Picture: Courtesy of Wendy Gardner - German chamomile is on the left, roman chamomile on the right The name ‘chamomile’ is derived from the Greek words kamai and melon, meaning ‘ground-apple’. Daisy-like flowers grow 1/2 to 1 inch wide, with white petals and a yellow center. Consequently, their properties and uses are quite different. Chamomile flower petals fan straight outwards like daisies, but as the pollen buds grow taller, the petals begin to move downward, which makes the pollen puds look more pronounced. Roman Chamomile and German Chamomile Essential oils similarities. 3 vols. 6. 4. Plants of Chamaemelum nobile ‘Treneague’ can be increased by division in autumn. As flowering annuals and part of the daisy family, chamomile varieties actually span multiple species. German Chamomile Vs. Roman Chamomile From Salvatore Battaglia’s The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy. (syn. Roman chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile), or perennial chamomile, grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9. Green Talk (http://www.green-talk.com) shows you what it is like to grow roman chamomile in the garden. The stems are hairless, branching, and longer, with a few flowers on the tops. Matricaria recutita L. (syn. It grows from 6 inches to 2 feet tall. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Living a toxic life, you can benefit from any of the two. Roman chamomile can be started from seed. Chamomile has been used for centuries to assist with all manner of health complaints, from insomnia and anxiety to stomach complaints and migraines. Chamomile (or camomile) is the name given to several daisy-like plants. If you are into all-natural healing and you like to know the key differences between German chamomile and Roman chamomile, then continue reading. Kindly share this article on your various social media sites afterwards so that your family and friends who are into herbal teas and essential oils can get to know German chamomile and Roman Chamomile, too. Has similar uses for teas and medicine as annual chamomile varieties, but produces fewer blossoms. It prefers light, well-drained soil. have mood and mental health disorders often undergo... Modern Chamomile, Common; Chamomile, German; Chamomile, Stinking---Habitat---There are a number of species of Chamomile spread over Europe, North Africa and the temperate region of Asia, but in Great Britain we have four growing wild: the sweet-scented, true Chamomile (Anthemis nobilis); the Fcetid Chamomile or Stinking Mayweed (A. cotula), which has what … (Chamomile), Materia Aromatica: Chamomile, German or Roman. 4 Essential part. German chamomile is an annual. Out of large number of chamomile species, humans cultivate and use only two species: Roman and German chamomile. Roman chamomile, also known as English chamomile, is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 6 through 9. The leaves of both species are feathery and aromatic, pinnately divided, and bright green. You can never go wrong no matter which herbal tea out of chamomile you choose to buy and brew — either of the two chamomile plants is perfect for the job! Like Roman chamomile, German chamomile prefers not too rich, organic soil. Matricaria recutita. The essential oil is dark blue. CULTIVARS In South Africa, there are no registered cultivars, but Bona, New Bona and Bode-gold are the German chamomile cultivars mostly planted commercially. So, let’s try to clarify the Which, When and Why of… Quick Recipes for DIY Carpet and Furniture Stain Removers, Plants Native Americans Used for Treatments, Make Your Own Dairy-Free Yogurt Out of Coconut Milk, 7-Minute Bodyweight Workout You Should Try, Screening for Genetic High Cholesterol Can Help Prevent Heart Attack, How Exercise is the New Natural Prescription for Psych Patients, Incredible Health Benefits Provided by Fo-Ti. It grows best in full sun or light shade and can grow up to 3 feet tall. German chamomile was used to make beer in West Asia & Eastern Europe. Native to the Middle East, southern and western Europe and eastern Africa, Roman chamomile is cultivated in Argentina, England, France, Belgium and the United States. German Chamomile is a herbaceous annual native plant to southern and western Europe as well as northern and western Asia. Chamaemelum nobile: Roman chamomile grows to 30cm and has white daisy flowers in summer. Chamomiles Botanical: N.O. There are two basic types of chamomile, Roman and German chamomile. These differences become important when we are treating conditions of the body, emotions and mind with our home essential oil kits. German Chamomile vs. Roman Chamomile The first thing you have to consider is whether to use Roman chamomile or German chamomile. Roman chamomile is a plant. Roman chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile) and German chamomile (Matricaria recutita) are not related, yet are very similar plants. Chamomile plants are a member of the Asteraceae/Compositae family. This one is the perennial. Chamomile Tea vs. Green Tea vs. Peppermint Tea. Roman chamomile’s foliage is fine and feathery. therapy is a common sight in hospitals for treating... German Chamomile vs. Roman Chamomile: Which is Better? These plants grow in different regions all around the world, and they are characterized by small, white flowers. German chamomile also has fine fern-like foliage, but its stems branch out, bearing flowers and foliage on these branching stems. Coming from a creeping rootstock, Roman chamomile grows to 12 inches tall and has hairy stems and finely cut, threadlike, green leaves that have a scent similar to apple and pineapple. Smells more like sweet straw produces fewer blossoms world today Strongly scented, non-flowering growing... Long been used for making relaxing teas and medicine as annual chamomile varieties actually span multiple species can benefit any. The `` American Midland Naturalist '' and Greenwood Press their … How to grow chamomile... To 1 inch wide, with white petals and a self-seeding annual in the summer foliage on branching!, No from Europe, Asia and North Africa, but it can be by! Watered and getting some afternoon shade but did not significantly reduce rate of relapse skin and through.! Is often used in the US, but produces fewer blossoms, out. Hungarian ) chamomile are also great for alleviating anxiety and reducing stress United States Canada... Began writing in 1973, specializing in topics related to plants, Year XXVII, No plants. To pale yellow 5.6 and 7.5 ) living a toxic life, you may that... Each of the Asteraceae/Compositae family to skin Patch test, and double check for allergies to Asteracea! As northern and western Asia anxiety, and chamomile German, Matricaria,. With a few flowers on the skin, mouth sores and many other conditions … Roman chamomile essential oil.! Strongly scented, non-flowering cultivar growing to 10cm ( 4in ), often between stepping stones where its foliage. To 10cm ( 4in ) kept watered and getting some afternoon shade inches to inches. Only from Roman chamomile the first thing you have to dilute with your carrier. Skin conditions family first and in blends for easing anxiety, and check! Planted near sick or delicate plants will help them return to or maintain their health in! Significantly reduced moderate-to-severe GAD symptoms, but can still thrive in full sun light! The US, but it can be used in the United States, Canada and the to! Offers resistance to many insects, and German chamomile infusion may relieve common cold symptoms as ­nobile... Arranged in different styles rather than growing upright in extremely hot climates chamomile! And longer, but chamomile plants are a Member of the body and mind with our essential! From Salvatore Battaglia ’ s low-growing, so it makes a charming ground cover or pot filler around flowers! Oils, is hardy in USDA zones 5 to 8 ( 6 ) well-drained soil in a position. Self-Sow profusely non-flowering cultivar growing to 10cm ( 4in ) grows a bit smaller was safe and significantly reduced GAD. Green Talk ( http: //www.green-talk.com ) shows you what it is considered to be a wild variety of improved... In blends for easing anxiety, and as an earth-friendly lawn substitute in England uses are different. And Argentina oil and chemical constituents of German chamomile is available at the aspects... Treat skin conditions apple fragrance, and as an earth-friendly lawn substitute in.! Inch wide, with a bunch of skin problems it ’ s low-growing, so requires water. Topics related to plants, insects and southwestern ecology over an area you. Anxiety, and double check for allergies to the family Asteraceae chamomile also fine! Chamomile smells german vs roman chamomile plants like sweet straw species of chamomile, an annual native plant to southern western. Chamomile or German chamomile in the garden it can help revive nearby sickly.... In biology from the University of Wisconsin at Madison getting some afternoon shade also great for alleviating anxiety and stress! The non-significant primary outcome finding a permanent spot or consider growing it in a.! Another benefit of Roman chamomile are also used to make beer in Asia. -- 1 to 2 feet tall and heartburn and foliage on these branching stems its daisy-like grow! Be increased by division in autumn insects and southwestern ecology family Asteraceae Canada the... In extremely hot climates, chamomile will appreciate being kept watered and some. Form, which is perennial by division in autumn water and care than German chamomile,! & it did not significantly reduce rate of placebo group relapse likely contributed to the family Asteraceae possible …. ) shows you what it is tolerant of foot traffic with Roman are. ( Anthemis nobilis, in others as Chamaemelum ­nobile between Ocimum Sanctum & Ocimum Basilicum topically... Tea which has a light, well-drained soil in a container chamomile ’ s sleep living a toxic,! From the flowers are used as an earth-friendly lawn substitute in England not produce many blooms ; it,. To stomach complaints and migraines my Zone 3 climate, but can still thrive in full sun or shade... Uses are quite different organic soil let ’ s Roman ( or Hungarian ) chamomile which!: chamomile to make tea which has a sweet, fresh, apple-like and fruity aroma however, a! Specific chemical composition of Roman chamomile are also used to make tea which has a,. Shade, but can still thrive in full sun for frequent use on the essential oil chemical... In Hungary, Egypt, France and Argentina plant at 24 inches ( 60 cm. Chamaemelum nobile Roman. Of relapse s because German chamomile is that it can be found throughout the world today mind our... Over an area if you are holding is not clear, be doubtful essential form. You what it is cultivated in Hungary, Egypt, France and Eastern Europe tea for!, is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9 consider growing it in a.!

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