Roman chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile), or perennial chamomile, grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9. German (matricaria recutita) and Roman (anthemis nobilis) Chamomile are actually two different species and are distinguished by their differentiating properties. Interesting to note, there are several different types of chamomile flowers, like Roman Chamomile, German Chamomile, Moroccan chamomile, Yellow chamomile, Wild chamomile, Egyptian chamomile. Regular water will keep the plants in bloom longer, but chamomile plants are very drought tolerant, once established. Hop and Medicinal Plants, Year XXVII, No. The two most sought-after for their medicinal benefits are German Chamomile (Matricaria recutita) and Roman Chamomile (Anthemis nobilis). © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Uses: People have used German chamomile for diarrhea, indigestion and heartburn. Another benefit of Roman chamomile is that it can help revive nearby sickly plants. I have all three. Gather newly opened flowers in summer. It is cultivated in the United States, England, Belgium, France and Argentina. Chamomile Roman, Chamaemelum nobile, and Chamomile German, Matricaria chamomilla, are both aromatic herbs often used interchangeably. And all are good for diffusing to promote rest and relaxation, but maybe the CR eo and the CG eo would be better diffused than CG CO2. Roman/ True Chamomile is native to western and southern Europe, East Africa and the Middle East. First things first: both German chamomile and Roman chamomile are great for alleviating anxiety and reducing stress. German Chamomile is hardy in USDA zones 5 to 8 (6). However, you may notice that German chamomile essential oils are blue. Roman Chamomile . Inhaling steam from German Chamomile infusion may relieve common cold symptoms. All of the chamomile essential oils are gentle and they are safe for frequent use on the skin and through inhalation. It’s low-growing, so it makes a charming ground cover or pot filler around taller flowers. Roman chamomile is a perennial that is often used for ground cover. German chamomile, Roman chamomile: Plant Type: German chamomile is an annual flower while Roman chamomile is a perennial: Mature Size: 8 to 24 inches: Sun Exposure: Full sun: Soil Type: Not too rich, organic soil: Soil pH: 5.6 to 7.5: Bloom Time: Spring and summer: Flower Color: White petals with yellow center: Hardiness Zones : 3 to 9: Native Area: Central and southern Europe GERMAN CHAMOMILE: Matricaria recutita: Member $3.95 Non-Member $4.95. Roman chamomile is referred to in some sources as Anthemis nobilis, in others as Chamaemelum nobile. Roman chamomile is easily grown from seed; if you allow your plants to go to seed at the end of the season, it will self-seed providing even more ground cover the following year. There are two common types of chamomile used medicinally today: German chamomile (chamomillarecutita) and Roman chamomile (chamaemelumnobile). Chamomile has long been used as a carminative, and as an anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer remedy to protect gastric mucous membranes. German Chamomile is hardy in USDA zones 5 to 8 (6). Therefore, the knowledge of the differences between Roman and German chamomile is useful. University of Maryland Medical Center: Roman Chamomile, Fine Gardening: Chamaemelum Nobile and Cvs. Roman: Chamaemelum nobile syn Anthemis nobilis German: Chamomilla recutita syn Matricaria chamomilla Family: Compositae (Asteraceae) Picture: Courtesy of Wendy Gardner - German chamomile is on the left, roman chamomile on the right The name ‘chamomile’ is derived from the Greek words kamai and melon, meaning ‘ground-apple’. Daisy-like flowers grow 1/2 to 1 inch wide, with white petals and a yellow center. Consequently, their properties and uses are quite different. Chamomile flower petals fan straight outwards like daisies, but as the pollen buds grow taller, the petals begin to move downward, which makes the pollen puds look more pronounced. Roman Chamomile and German Chamomile Essential oils similarities. 3 vols. 6. 4. Plants of Chamaemelum nobile ‘Treneague’ can be increased by division in autumn. As flowering annuals and part of the daisy family, chamomile varieties actually span multiple species. German Chamomile Vs. Roman Chamomile From Salvatore Battaglia’s The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy. (syn. Roman chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile), or perennial chamomile, grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9. Green Talk (http://www.green-talk.com) shows you what it is like to grow roman chamomile in the garden. The stems are hairless, branching, and longer, with a few flowers on the tops. Matricaria recutita L. (syn. It grows from 6 inches to 2 feet tall. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Living a toxic life, you can benefit from any of the two. Roman chamomile can be started from seed. Chamomile has been used for centuries to assist with all manner of health complaints, from insomnia and anxiety to stomach complaints and migraines. Chamomile (or camomile) is the name given to several daisy-like plants. If you are into all-natural healing and you like to know the key differences between German chamomile and Roman chamomile, then continue reading. Kindly share this article on your various social media sites afterwards so that your family and friends who are into herbal teas and essential oils can get to know German chamomile and Roman Chamomile, too. Has similar uses for teas and medicine as annual chamomile varieties, but produces fewer blossoms. It prefers light, well-drained soil. have mood and mental health disorders often undergo... Modern Chamomile, Common; Chamomile, German; Chamomile, Stinking---Habitat---There are a number of species of Chamomile spread over Europe, North Africa and the temperate region of Asia, but in Great Britain we have four growing wild: the sweet-scented, true Chamomile (Anthemis nobilis); the Fcetid Chamomile or Stinking Mayweed (A. cotula), which has what … (Chamomile), Materia Aromatica: Chamomile, German or Roman. 4 Essential part. German chamomile is an annual. Out of large number of chamomile species, humans cultivate and use only two species: Roman and German chamomile. Roman chamomile, also known as English chamomile, is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 6 through 9. The leaves of both species are feathery and aromatic, pinnately divided, and bright green. You can never go wrong no matter which herbal tea out of chamomile you choose to buy and brew — either of the two chamomile plants is perfect for the job! Like Roman chamomile, German chamomile prefers not too rich, organic soil. Matricaria recutita. The essential oil is dark blue. CULTIVARS In South Africa, there are no registered cultivars, but Bona, New Bona and Bode-gold are the German chamomile cultivars mostly planted commercially. So, let’s try to clarify the Which, When and Why of… Quick Recipes for DIY Carpet and Furniture Stain Removers, Plants Native Americans Used for Treatments, Make Your Own Dairy-Free Yogurt Out of Coconut Milk, 7-Minute Bodyweight Workout You Should Try, Screening for Genetic High Cholesterol Can Help Prevent Heart Attack, How Exercise is the New Natural Prescription for Psych Patients, Incredible Health Benefits Provided by Fo-Ti. It grows best in full sun or light shade and can grow up to 3 feet tall. German chamomile was used to make beer in West Asia & Eastern Europe. Native to the Middle East, southern and western Europe and eastern Africa, Roman chamomile is cultivated in Argentina, England, France, Belgium and the United States. German Chamomile is a herbaceous annual native plant to southern and western Europe as well as northern and western Asia. Chamaemelum nobile: Roman chamomile grows to 30cm and has white daisy flowers in summer. Chamomiles Botanical: N.O. There are two basic types of chamomile, Roman and German chamomile. These differences become important when we are treating conditions of the body, emotions and mind with our home essential oil kits. German Chamomile vs. Roman Chamomile The first thing you have to consider is whether to use Roman chamomile or German chamomile. Roman chamomile is a plant. Roman chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile) and German chamomile (Matricaria recutita) are not related, yet are very similar plants. Chamomile plants are a member of the Asteraceae/Compositae family. This one is the perennial. 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