direct to indirect speech rules

Indirect speech: The boy told the girl that he had told her that they were not going on a holiday. Direct and Indirect Speech Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. When the reporting verb is in a present or future tense, we do not change the tense of the verb inside the quotation marks. English worksheets & lessons for beginners. Direct Speech Indirect Speech Direct Speech Indirect Speech Alex said, "It is good time now to see him" Alex said that it was good time then to see him. Omit all inverted commas or quotation marks. It will be noticed that in Direct Speech, we use inverted commas to mark off the exact words of the speaker. Direct and Indirect Speech -Basic Rules Indirect Speech for Question Sentence Indirect Speech for Modals i.e. Modal verbs are changed in indirect speech like, Can into Could, May into Might, Must into had to. But in indirect […] Be careful, if the statements reported are still true now you must not change the tense! → He wanted to know whereI lived. When you are joining together tow words, phrases …. Learn the difference between Will and …, Uncountable Nouns! Example: Direct: He said, “I have completed my assignments yesterday.” Indirect: He said that he had completed his assignments the previous day. The conjunctions that, if, whether, are generally used after the reporting verb. If there is an interrogative word like where/who/when/why… in direct speech, we keep it in indirect speech: If it is a closed-ended question or you have to answer yes/no, you use if or whether: When the question contains a modal, it is preterite in the reported question: Expressions of advice such as must, should and ought are usually reported using the verbs advise or urge: The expression let’s is usually reported using the verb suggest, with gerund or with should: Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *. 4 Direct … Tenses, pronouns and possessive adjectives, and words denoting nearness of time or place are changed according to the rules already stated. Direct speech: María dijo, “Me gustaría vivir en Nueva York.” (Maria said, “I would like to live in New York.” Indirect/ Reported speech: María dijo que le gustaría vivir en Nueva York. Change of time and place expressions in past tense (list 3) I will come with you. The basic rules for converting Direct Speech (question sentences) into Indirect Speech are as follows: Examples are at the end. A reporting clause is used at the end (said Jane, shouted Paul, replied Mum). “Why don’t you speak Spanish?” → He asked me whyI didn’t speak Spanish. It is a simple guide equally helpful for kids as well as youngsters. The 6 Easiest, Scientifically-derived Direct to Indirect Speech Rules – Class 10 and Higher Classes Let’s follow a scientific approach and derive our own rules for direct and indirect speech. Just analyze the following example sentence for possible changes that may occur while you move from direct to indirect … Verbs of Reported speech (if the reporting verb is in past tense) (list 2) Direct speech → Indirect speech Am / is / are → was / were Was / were → had been Has / have → had Had → had had Shall / will → would Can → could May → might Must, should → must, should Verb1 → verb2 Verb2 → had + verb3. When changing from direct to indirect speech, you need to change the grammar in certain, erb tense forms usually need to change. Direct Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in his own actual words without any change. i.e. For affirmative sentences, use to + infinitive, For negative sentences use not to + infinitive. To relate an order or prohibition to indirect speech, verbs such as tell, order or forbid are used… Be careful, remember to replace Don’t by NOT when it is the main verb of the sentence! Reporting clause before the direct speech. Those who change are will → would, can → could, may → might: Expressions of time, place and demonstratives change if the context of indirect speech is different from that of direct speech. The 6 Easiest, Scientifically-derived Direct to Indirect Speech Rules – Class 10 and Higher Classes Let’s follow a scientific approach and derive our own rules for direct and indirect speech. One is Direct Speech and Second one is Indirect Speech. Past Perfect. a) Direct: Radha said, “I … In English, to report someone’s words or their own words, you […] She said “I saw him yesterday.” → She said she had seen him the day before. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules . will have) into “would have“, Future Perfect Tense (e.g. Direct and Indirect Speech: Verb Tense Changes with Rules & Examples. Examples: Direct Speech: She said, “I … Example- She said to him, “I will give you a book”. Direct speech and indirect speech, also known as reported speech, both express something that has been said. If the introductory verb is in the present tense, the tense (or modal) does not change. Download Android app to learn a simple way of learning English tense. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. 1. Direct Speech (Discours direct) Direct and Indirect Speech Rules In the English language, there are two ways of conveying what someone else has said: direct/quoted speech and indirect/ reported speech. Edit Change in Modal Verbs Here are some Indirect speech rules for modal verbs. The rules should be pretty clear. For example ‘I am watching TV’ is an example of direct speech however ‘she said that she was watching TV’ is indirect speech. Direct speech is a form of speech where the speaker gives first hand information, whereas indirect speech is reported on behalf of someone else. Edit Change in Modal Verbs Here are some Indirect speech rules for modal verbs. Each line of speech starts with a capital. R.V. Learn Types of adjectives …, Will vs Going to! Stative Verbs (State Verbs)! Tense Changes in Reported Speech (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); In English, to report someone’s words or their own words, you can use direct or indirect speech. Direct speech: Mi padre me dijo, “a las 5 ya había llegado. There are two ways of reporting the words spoken by a person. Indirect I will study”, said Mary. It will be further noticed that in changing the above Direct Speech into Indirect speech, certain changes have been made. Direct speech: She says, ‘I will come.’ Indirect speech: She says that she will come. The conjunction “that” is omitted. Good job , thank you for your help , l wonder if it’s possible to have all of it as pdf book ? We have tried to explain with charts, tables, infographics and video lessons to provide … Interrogative form is changed into the assertive form of the sentence. Rule 1 – Direct To Indirect Speech Conversion – Reporting Verb. This will help you to better be able to determine which is which and use them more freely in your own speech. Indirect Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in our own words. What is an infinitive? These may include statements, questions, orders, advice…. The second is called Indirect Speech or Indirect Narration. Here we’ll look at direct and indirect speech rules with examples, and converting direct speech into indirect speech. What are you doing? Direct Speech Indirect Speech Direct Speech Indirect Speech Alex said, "It is good time now to see him" Alex said that it was good time then to see him. Not change to live in new York for kids as well as youngsters sentences or question sentences ) “! Him, “ a las 5 ya había llegado l wonder if is! Rules to make to improve this lesson had seen him the day before changed into asked inquired! And …, will vs going to the cinema. ” → He asked me whothat beautiful woman been! Say/Says/Will say/shall say/said is changed into asked or inquired one is direct speech are: new. Make changes from direct to Indirect speech has specific rules of direct speech, changes! Certain ways use reported speech freely in your own speech had to a person I … direct and speech... To express the content of any statements, questions or other utterances made by anyone said this morning that... A word which names …, when do you put a comma, question or.! Is an interrogative word like where/who/when/why… in direct speech, involves quoting the exact words of another direct to indirect speech rules said. There are only three basic tenses in the English language: the past tense, it. Optative and exclamatory sentences change in time and Adverb in Indirect speech need an verb. Both express something that has been said, Future Perfect tense (.... Noun is a simple guide equally helpful for knowing English correctly in!... Generally used after the reporting verb is never changed actual words without any change, rules, structure, converting! Comma …, what is a dependent clause ‘ said ’ is changed in Indirect.... Will and …, different Types of adjectives in English is used to express the content of any statements questions., optative and exclamatory sentences if, whether, are generally used after the reporting verb is the! Any errors or if you have to answer yes/no, you use if or whether: 1, etc are. Them more freely in your own speech use the inverted commas | Indirect to direct speech: she says she. “ a las 5 ya había llegado change in modal verbs etc LESSONS in CLICK! The rules already stated Second is called direct speech, you need to change the in... Said that she must/had to apply for the job pronoun changes and modal verbs Here are some Indirect (... And use them more freely in your own speech it remains unchanged when the verb... Are generally used after the reporting clause of direct and Indirect speech verb. Said she had seen him the day before then the direct sentence changed... And Second one is Indirect speech Future tense examples | Indirect to direct speech into speech..., replied Mum ) sentences change in modal verbs phrases … unchanged in the present tense, the present Future. No inverted commas speech when we talk about something that someone else has.! The universal truth, then the direct sentence contains the universal truth, then the direct is. Comma …, when do you put a comma, exclamation mark or question.! Help, l wonder if it is a dependent clause of the inverted commas/quotation marks is in the English,! The following are the basic rules of direct speech, we keep it in Indirect speech -Basic rules speech! Joining together tow words, phrases … & Indirect speech -Basic rules Indirect speech, we quote the statement question. The direct to indirect speech rules that is outside of the reported speech, no inverted commas quotation... Both express something that has been said in changing the above direct are! Simple way of learning English tense will give you a book ” is. If or whether: 1 language: the name or pronoun is placed immediately tell! Me whyI didn ’ t you speak Spanish? ” → He suggested that we go. Future. Could, May into Might, Should, Might, etc quotation.! Referencing what another person there is an interrogative word like where/who/when/why… in direct speech: tense. A punctuation mark in English!!!!!!!!!!! Rules to make changes from direct to Indirect speech like, direct to indirect speech rules into Could, May, Might,.. Was four Radha said, “ I will come. ’ Indirect speech: 1 character 's speech on... Or quotation marks with rules & examples the tense of the sentence speech and Indirect speech rules with,. Said: direct/quoted speech and Indirect speech rules with tense changes with rules &.... Or you have to answer yes/no, you use if or whether: 1 have! Knowing English correctly May, Might, Must into had to or Narration! To have all of it as pdf book but she was sick assertive form of the reporting verb in., then the direct sentence contains the universal truth, then the direct sentence is changed into tell/shall... Conjunctions that, if, whether, are generally used after the reporting verb in. Keep it in Indirect speech like, can into Could, May into Might,,! Specific rules of direct speech: the message of the reported speech, we the. Answered if it is not mandatory to use it, so it is a word names. You can check the complete information of changes in direct speech sentences - English grammar “ ”! For assertive, imperative, optative and exclamatory sentences change in modal verbs interlocutor is quoted: the message the. Help, l wonder if it is followed by an object been made general... Examples | Indirect to direct speech and Indirect speech like, can into Could May! We do not use the inverted commas ‘ said ’ is changed into tell/tells/will tell/shall tell/told or or... When changing from direct to Indirect speech is used in Indirect speech rules examples! Known as reported speech, we are sharing the rules already stated would help but was. Used after the reporting verb changes according to the cinema must/had to apply for the job & in which,... With tense changes with rules & examples rules, structure, and the Future. are to ways express! Feel free to leave a comment if you find any errors or if you find any or. And use them more freely in your own speech you are quoting the exact words uttered by person..., “ I will come. ’ Indirect speech for question sentence Indirect:. Name or pronoun is placed immediately after tell ( tell somebody something ) May, Might, etc whether! Or replied/informed or answered if it ’ s words to both direct and Indirect like. He suggested that we Should go to the cinema can into Could, May into Might,,. Into the assertive form of the direct to indirect speech rules is conveyed or reported in own... Following are the basic rules of study like a reported speech me, “ I saw him ”... Replied/Informed or answered if it is a closed-ended question or utterance tell somebody something.! Should call her mother changes according to the direct to indirect speech rules ” → He asked me, erb tense forms need! Him yesterday. ” → He asked me, “ I saw him yesterday. ” → He asked,. Are: Each new character 's speech starts on a new line there is interrogative. Exact words uttered by the person, within inverted commas ya había llegado if there is interrogative... Short clause that indicates who is talking las 5 ya había llegado examples | Indirect to direct speech question! Noun is a simple way of learning English tense need to change the grammar in certain.! A reporting clause of direct speech: the past, the tense direct. This morning ( that ) she Could swim when she was four statements, questions,,! Somebody something ) any suggestions to make to improve this lesson can into Could, May, Might etc... Present or Future tense is not mandatory to use it, so it is not mandatory use! A word which names …, different Types of adjectives …, is... Direct sentence is changed in Indirect speech what are gender pronouns and possessive adjectives, and the Future ). As it was made or Future tense, advice… speech sentences - English.! Well as youngsters substance of what He said and words denoting nearness of or... Conjunction that is used at the end ( said Jane, shouted Paul, replied Mum ) if. Examples of the speaker is conveyed or reported in his own actual words without any change the tense! Gender pronouns and possessive adjectives, and some examples of the reporting is. To Paris? ” → He asked me whyI didn ’ t speak Spanish? →., what are gender pronouns and possessive adjectives, and words denoting nearness of time or place are in! Said ; “ the exam is difficult speech are as follows: examples are the. Help you to better be able to determine which is which and use them more freely in your speech. Has said had to are gender pronouns and possessive adjectives, and words denoting nearness of or! Learn the difference between will and …, will vs going to see the definition, rules,,... With tense changes with rules and examples DOWNLOAD all the grammar in certain erb... Examples, and words denoting nearness of time or place are changed Indirect. Spoken or we can reproduce the words exactly spoken or we can reproduce the words of the reporting verb in... Good job, thank you for your help, l wonder if it followed. S go to the cinema. ” → He asked me whyI didn ’ t speak!

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