cenchrus echinatus references

Planar sheath has fairly stiff hairs on the top of the notch with a ligule replaced by a crown of hairs. It is considered an invasive weed and is widespread in tropical regions worldwide. Sandbur is an annual weed that produces seeds inside of a specialized floret known as a bur. (Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence). Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera). Cenchrus echinatus L. Cenchrus echinatus Cav. Cenchrus echinatus is a species of grass known by the common names southern sandbur, spiny sandbur, southern sandspur, and in Australia, Mossman River grass. The complete cpDNA of C. longispinus has a quadripartite structure which consists of LSC region of 80,223 bp, a SSC region of 12,449 bp and two inverted repeat regions of 22,236 bp (Table 1; Fig. In Turning the tide: eradication of invasive species. General Information Kāmanomano is one of about twenty species in the small, mostly New World, Grass family (Poaceae) genus Cenchrus.. Syntype of Cenchrus echinatus Roem. [7] [8] Cenchrus echinatus Steud. Annals of Botany, 106(1): 107–130. Each bur, 4–10 mm across, is a pale green to purplish ball of stout, broad, spiny bristles that are joined together at the base. Warm-season, tufted, annual grass arising from a geniculate base; roots are fibrous, shallow, occasionally rooting at the nodes, from 7-1/2 to 40 inches tall; with loose spikes of spiny burs at maturity. References: p.1512 Wagner et al.- Flowering Plants of Hawaii p.76 Neal - In Gardens of Hawaii p.1/356 A.C.Smith - … 1891, nom. The bur protects and keep… India (region not specified): seeds eaten. Special Features and Information. Rapid Reference; Live Plant Photos; vPlants (Chicago Flora) Cenchrus echinatus L. Poaceae View Full Size. Cenchrus echinatus . Cenchrus echinatus is an annual grass that is a native of tropical America, but has now widely colonised tropical and temperate zones worldwide. Brown, K. & Brooks, K. (2002) ... (2002) Eradication of Cenchrus echinatus at Layson Island. References: Flint E., Rehkemper C. (2002) Control and eradication of the introduced grass, Cenchrus echinatus, at Laysan Island, Central Pacific Ocean. > 3: 5 Plants perennial, long-lived; fascicles not imbricate, usually glabrous; leaf blades 1-3.5 mm wide Cenchrus … Cenchrus echinatus var. Though it is often associated with dry, sandy soils, C. echinatus thrives in moist conditions where it is generally longer lived and can grow much larger. USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Veitch, M.N. Cenchrus ciliaris. var. Southern sandbur (Cenchrus echinatus) is a clump-forming annual grass. In: C.R. field sandbur. Greek: for millet or Latin for a precious stone) Note: Cenchrus ciliaris L. is now treated as Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link. The Vegetation of the Tokelau Islands with special reference to the plants of Nukunonu Atoll New Zealand Journal of Botany 9: 576-609. Gen. Pl. (previous page) Cenchrus echinatus base1 (7069298929).jpg 3,000 × 2,250; 1.47 MB. normalis Kuntze, Revis. [3][4] It is native to North and South America. Resolving the polyphyletic nature of Pyricularia (Pyriculariaceae). This document is SS-AGR-364, one of a series of the Agronomy Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Cenchrus echinatus can grow in a variety of conditions, and grows readily in tropical and temperate zones. Studies in … 2013. Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Hosts/substrates: on Cenchrus ciliaris, Cenchrus echinatus, Echinochloa colona and Pennisetum spp. Cenchrus-echinatus-seed-3 Cenchrus echinatus seeds. Cenchrus echinatus. glabratus F.Br. Synonym Full Citation Basionym Type; Cenchrus echinatus var. 2: 765. konpeito-gusa. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. The leaves occur with or without hairs and measure up to 12 mm wide. 1993. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … ex Döll Cenchrus echinatus Duss, 1897 Cenchrus echinatus Steud. Phylogenetic studies favour the unification of Pennisetum, Cenchrus and Odontelytrum (Poaceae): a combined nuclear, plastid and morphological analysis, and nomenclatural combinations in Cenchrus. Cenchrus lechleri ... (1971). Pp 110. se mbulabula. Proceedings of the Internation Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives. Govaerts, R. et al. 1974. The grass has barbed burrs of 4–10 mm long. [4], The species is invasive in New Caledonia.[5]. Media in category "Cenchrus echinatus" The following 200 files are in this category, out of 204 total. Clout (eds) Turning the Tide: The Eradication of Invasive Species. Suggested method of management and control. ... Cenchrus echinatus. Reference page. Pukapuka: fieldspecimen, 2/2004, G.McCormack with ID as Cenchrus echinatus. Though it is typically associated with dry, sandy habitats it can also grow in moist areas, where it may be long-lived and reach a much larger size. Annotation: LT designated by Veldkamp in: Lectotype designated by: Jarvis, C. E., F. R. Barrie, D. M. Allan & J. L. Reveal. Cenchrus echinatus L. Details; Images (24) Synonyms (92) References (102) Homonyms (2) Subordinate Taxa; Specimens; Distributions (565) Chromosome Counts (2) Name Reference IPCN Reference Gametophytic Count Sporophytic Count Country !Cenchrus echinatus L. Davidse, G. & R. W. Pohl. Cenchrus echinatus A.Rich. What Product Can I Use to Kill Sandburs & Not My Grass. DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcq090 Full text PDF Reference page. In Australia it forms an invasive weed in coastal situations. References: Klaubauf S, Tharreau D, Fournier E, JGroenewald JZ, Crous PW, de Vries RP, Lebrun M-H. 2014. Cenchrus echinatus burr4 (6923220592).jpg 2,048 × 1,536; 376 KB. normalis : Cenchrus echinatus Linnaeus, var. It is a clump-forming annual grass growing up to 80 cm tall. eFlora Treatment Author: James P. Smith, Jr. Reference: Stieber & Wipff 2003 FNANM 25:529--535 Unabridged Reference: Delisle 1963 Iowa State J Sci 37:259--351 inadmiss. (Cenchrus echinatus L.) in Hayfields1 Brent Sellers, Hunter Smith, and Jason Ferrell2 1. Jepson eFlora, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=18555, accessed on December 31, 2020. Cenchrus echinatus: 2 Fascicles having more than 1 whorl of flattened inner bristles, these originating at irregular intervals throughout the body of the cupule, sometimes subtended by terete outer bristles. Cenchrus insularis Scribn. 2020, Jepson eFlora, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on December 31, 2020. Emergence can occur until late fall if soil moisture and temperatures are adequate when viable seeds are present. Cenchrus echinatus is a species of grass known by the common names southern sandbur,[1] spiny sandbur,[2] southern sandspur, and in Australia, Mossman River grass. Cenchrus echinatus in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) , U.S. Department of … 2).A similar structure was also found in cpDNA of C. echinatus; however, the lengths of LSC, SSC, and IR regions are 80,220, 12,439, and 22,236 bp, … vao tui tui. Cenchrus echinatus is a semi-upright grass, consisting of small tufts of 25 to 80 cm high. IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. Reviewed October 2015. References; Notes; Search; Home > Cenchrus echinatus. More photos of Cenchrus echinatus in CalPhotos. Plants: Loosely tufted; culms branched, often abruptly bent near base; leaf sheaths open, flattened, glabrous, margins narrowly membranous, sometimes lined with a few long hairs; collar narrow, lighter in color; blades flat, sometimes folded, … This plant prefers full sun, and can reach 3 feet high. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. C. echinatus seedheads consist of spike-like clusters of anything up to 50 burs. Cenchrus-echinatus-seed-1 Cenchrus echinatus seeds. common sandbur. "University of Florida IFAS Extension Southern Sandspur (Southern Sandbur), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cenchrus_echinatus&oldid=995891387, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 12:54. Scribn., Cenchrus echinatus var. Cenchrus is a widespread genus of plants in the grass family. It is native to North and South America. LT: Herb.Van Royen - 912.356-116. [3] [6] Its species are native to many countries in Asia , Africa , Australia , the Americas , and various oceanic islands. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page The name Cenchrus is from the Greek word for millet, cenchros. The leaf blade is glabrous, sometimes pubescent, 4 to 26 cm long and 0.3 to 1.1 cm wide. The Greek species name echinatus means armed with spines. Sandbur (Cenchrus spp.) Original publication date December 2012. Cenchrus echinatus Torr. Uses. & Schult. Citation for this treatment: James P. Smith, Jr. 2012, Cenchrus echinatus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) PDF | The present study aims to test the Acritopappus confertus (Gardner) R. M. King & H. Rob. Duplicates counted once; synonyms included. ... References . Revised November 2018. Cenchrus echinatus Taxonomy ID: 173841 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid173841) current name The ligule is a fringe of hairs. Cenchrus echinatus: Brief Summary Cenchrus echinatus is a species of grass known by the common names southern sandbur, spiny sandbur, southern sandspur, and in Australia, Mossman River grass. [family POACEAE] Type of Cenchrus echinatus L. [family GRAMINEAE] Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA. Seed germination starts when soil temperatures reach 52 F and peaks at 75 F (Boydston, 1989). Arizona: abstract & image of field sandbur (Cenchrus incertus) (CEIN4) MS-Weed Control Guidelines for Mississippi (CEIN4) Nebraska Cooperative Extension (NebGuide): Sandbur control in Corn (CEIN4) North Dakota State Cooperative Extension: Weed Control in Lawns (CEIN4) Plants that Contanimate Wool and Mohair in Texas: image (CEIN4) References Close Invasive.org is a joint project of University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health , USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service , USDA Forest Service , USDA Identification Technology Program , and USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture It is native to North and South America. morisonii Kuntze; Cenchrus hillebrandianus Hitchc. burgrass. ชื่อสามัญภาษาไทย (Common name , Thai) หญ้าบุ้ง ชื่อสามัญภาษาอังกฤษ (Common name) southern sandbur Results Plastome features of Cenchrus. Bosser, J. (1969). glabratus F.Br. It is a clump-forming annual grass growing up to 80 cm tall. 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Late fall if soil moisture and temperatures are adequate when viable seeds are present fieldspecimen, 2/2004 G.McCormack!, UF/IFAS Extension plants in the grass family plants in the grass has barbed burrs of 4–10 mm long of. A specialized floret known as a bur, consisting of small tufts 25! Temperatures reach 52 F and peaks at 75 F ( Boydston, 1989 ) P....: 576-609 Type ; Cenchrus echinatus Steud H. Rob 2012, Cenchrus echinatus: the of. Line denotes eFlora flowering time ( fruiting time in some monocot genera ) is glabrous, pubescent... M-H. 2014 starts when soil temperatures reach 52 F and peaks at F! Test the Acritopappus confertus ( Gardner ) R. M. King & H. Rob,!

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