If you want an exact copy of a particular plant you love, you have to propagate off of it directly…that’s how you guarantee you clone it. During the propagation process, you remove a 1” wide section of the outer layers of a plant stem (bark, cambium layer, and phloem) in a process known as girdling. It is useful for plants which cannot be developed by the cuttings. The following is modified from an article by the American Camellia Society. Plant diseases caused in rainy season – Part 2. Well, yes and no. Almost any plant will work, but the method is particularly suitable to plants that are hard to propagate via cuttings, and take a while to grow from seed. If you’ve been afraid to air-layer, don’t be. A little more about me. A container to hold water and sphagnum moss 4. Select a plant Select a plant that is too tall or that you want to propagate. A cut is made on a plant shoot, which removes the phloem (the innermost layer of the bark). It’s believed that this propagation technique dates back to ancient China and Japan, where air layering bonsai was a popular method. The last thing you want is to rot the roots of your newly air-layered plant, especially after all the time you put into getting it to this point! Once roots are formed, detach the branch from the main plant along with the roots. After 2-3 weeks or 1-2 months, depending on species, roots will be formed. In the rainy season, some gardeners also use soil around the cut, kept moist with the piece of a gunny cloth. Finally, you wrap the moss in a plastic wrap of some kind and secure it with rope or string. Air layering is a traditional method of vegetative propagation of woody shrubs, creepers and trees. Woody ornamentals such as azalea, camellia, magnolia, oleander, and holly can also be propagated by air layering. Air Layering Air layering can be used to propagate large, overgrown house plants such as rubber plant, croton, or dieffenbachia that have lost most of their lower leaves. To propagate successfully with this technique, you need to figure out how to get plant material to take root! With a sterilized knife, make a 45 degree cut … All it takes is attention to detail and a lot of patience. The only real difference between air layering and cuttings is the fact that you remove the stem completely when taking a cutting. Choose a non-flowering healthy branch which is neither too young nor too old. Making sure to hold the moss ball in place around the stem, take your plastic wrap and cover the moss. The structure should look like a toffee covered in a wrapper. There are different types of layering like Simple layering, Mound layering, Compound layering, etc. Soak your peat moss and squeeze out until moist, but not soaking. You may also need to stake or tie up the top side of the branch, as the severity of the cut might weaken its ability to stand on its own. The objective of layering is same as that of stem cuttings i.e. Take your small piece of cut plastic and slide it into the cut. See also, how to air-layer a dicot plant. We’re going to go over what it is, plants to try it on, as well as a step-by-step guide to doing it yourself. So, why would you choose this method over another type of propagation? Shrubs, trees, and climbers are some plants for which unsuitable for air layering. We're always looking to improve our articles to help you become an even better gardener. Air Layering. Flowering shrubs like Bougainvillea, Hibiscus, Tabernaemontana, Magnolia are well-known examples of propagation by this method. By removing these sections of the plant, you prevent nutrients from moving below the cut area. How to Air Layer a Plant Step 1 – Prepare The Materials. Cut off most of the old, mature leaves at the portion of the branch where layering is to be done. Air layering answers the question, “How do I propagate from a large stem or branch?” by forcing the stem to produce roots at the cut area. Winter pruning – ready your plants for spring, Ideal Plants for North – South – East – West Windows. Air layering is easy! It’s not the most common propagation technique by any means, mostly because it takes a while for a cutting to grow when it’s air layered. Air layering is a traditional method of vegetative propagation of woody shrubs, creepers and trees. With a sterilized knife, make a 45 degree cut through at least ½ of the branch, but no more than ⅔. Home » Air Layering: Propagating Difficult-Rooting Plants. Propagating Plants by Air Layering Step 1: Tools and Materials. This means it can fruit quickly, much like a grafted tree. Check periodically, and you should see signs of new roots inside the wrap within a year. Then, you apply a rooting hormone to the area to stimulate root growth from the cut area and wrap the area in sphagnum peat moss to retain moisture. Layering has evolved as a common means of vegetative propagation of numerous species in natural environments. Air layering may have a better success rate because the risk of shock and infect is lower. Some of the other houseplants which air layer beautifully are Weeping Fig, Fiddleleaf Fig, Dracaenas, Dumbcane, Umbrella Tree, Dwarf Umbrella Tree and the Split Leaf Philodendron.The 2 plants which I’ve successfully air layered in the past are the Dumb Cane (Dieffenbachia Tropic Snow) and Burgundy Rubber Plant (Ficus elastica Burgundy). Method of wounding plants having less woody stems in preparation for air layering. you go to this link to video In air layering, instead of cutting off the stem, it is notched and left on the stem. Best Fertilizer Spreaders: Broadcast, Drop, Hand Held, and Tow Behind, 20+ Neem Oil Uses In The Garden and Beyond, Small piece of thin plastic (piece of plastic bottle works fine). Air layer propagation, also known as air cloning, works on a variety of plants. Seeds are simpler to start, but take much longer to reach maturity and are not genetically identical. This new stem is identical to its parent and can be severed from the parent to form a new plant. Answer: Air layering is a propagation technique. In some cases it may even take months. The air layering method is a particularly good way to propagate cannabis, often producing better results than other propagation methods. but most commonly practised method is air layering or Gootee layering. That way you have a deep understanding of the technique and your knowledge of gardening in general increases. Air layering works by peeling the bark from a healthy 1-2 years old straight stem, cover it with a good amount of moist sphagnum moss or coco coir, wrap it together with plastic, then seal both ends. Air-layering is a very simple technique. Grab your moist ball of moss and firmly press it around the stem. What Is Air Layering? Air layering also called air propagation, is an easy way to shorten or propagate a woody plant. Epic Gardening occasionally links to goods or services offered by vendors to help you find the best products to care for plants. First, you need to get your materials in order. Make incisions on Gootee by the blade for aeration. Be sure to support the other side of the branch, but keep your thumb in a position where it won’t be sliced if you accidentally cut through the branch! A stem cutting, having been “liberated” from the mother plant before it has any roots at all, must fend for itself from the start. Hi, I'm Kevin. Do not remove the moss ball — remember, this is where all the roots are! This method usually is used on foliage plants such as the rubber plant, (Ficus benjamini and Ficus elastica) and the dieffenbachia. The advantage of air-layering is that the section you want to root continues to be nourished in minerals and sugars – and especially in moisture! Air layering is a vegetative method of propagation in plants. If a plant’s branches droop and touch the ground, sometimes they’ll take root from the branch itself. Cut two pieces of string long enough to wrap around the stem on both sites. It’s basically any plant which has a harder, thicker stem that’s getting too tall or too leggy. The ideal time to perform air layering on plants is anytime during monsoon. The process of making a layer on the high branches is known as air layering or âgootyingâ. Shrub or tree with medium sized branches that are suitable for layering is selected. Air layering is a plant propagation technique which involves wounding a branch and stimulating it to produce roots, and then cutting off the branch and planting it. I believe it’s important to know exactly what is happening with any growing technique. The process usually begins in the spring and ends in the fall. Deyard Plant Root Growing Box, Rooting, Cutting Rooting Device, High-Pressure Plant Air Layering Pods Propagation Ball, Plant Grafting Box (3 Black + 3 Clear) 4.0 out of 5 stars 16 $10.99 Clearly growing from seed is easier, right? Some of these may be affiliate links, meaning we earn a small commission if items are purchased. This is necessary to prevent the plant from healing itself and sealing the cut over the next few weeks. Any plant with hardwood stem can be propagated with air layering. It will probably speed up propagation time, but it’s not mandatory and plants will propagate fine without it. 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