The centering is designated as the percent of PSA is a protein made by prostate tissue. PSA suggests that, in order to achieve the highest grades, the cuts of the cards should be relatively close to the visible borders without exceeding the limit. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is something made by the prostate gland. Free PSA levels are often higher in men with non-cancerous conditions of the prostate and lower in men with prostate cancer. Some surface paper loss, resulting from prior gluing or taping of the ticket to an album page, for example, may be acceptable and is restricted to the back of the ticket. psa is an acronym and very useful on the online media. A ticket of this quality will appear to be a NM-MT 8 at first glance but one of the following additional defects may be present. More biopsies, no malignancies again. PSA tests measure a protein in your blood called prostate specific antigen. Grading Scale. For example, a 1957 Topps Sandy Koufax card has great contrast between the white borders and the picture because the background is very dark. PSA … This test is usually the first step in any prostate cancer diagnosis. The centering must be approximately 90/10 or better on the front and back. A minor printing defect is acceptable, such as "out of register" focus of graphic or text elements. If your card is returned as ungradable, that determination was made based on one of the following reasons: N-1 Evidence of Trimming - When a card's edge appears to have been altered. N-4 Questionable Authenticity - This is the term used when a card appears to be counterfeit or when the autograph is deemed to be not genuine. A PSA EX-MT 6 pack is a pack that exhibits similar attributes to a PSA NM 7 but it may possess one or more of the following flaws: wear may be present on all four corners and/or the pack may show light tearing on multiple corners. The lab will report your results in nanograms of PSA per milliliter (ng/mL) of blood. A level of 10-20 ng/mL indicates intermediate risk and a level greater than 20 ng/mL suggests a high risk of cancer progression. PSA is released into semen but some also enters the bloodstream. Stage 1 prostate cancer is characterized by a Gleason score of less than 6: The cancer is restricted to one half of the prostate with no spreading to surrounding tissues and a PSA level below 10. After grading for well over a decade, PSA grading standards have truly become the official standard for the most valuable cards in the hobby. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlargement of the prostate gland, but it’s not prostate cancer. Compare more PSA-graded cards using PSA Photograde™ Online. The ticket may show some obvious staining in a limited area on the front or back. PSA then went to 6.8 in 08/2011. The prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test is a blood test. Centering must be 90/10 or better on the front and back. A ticket of this quality will appear to be a Mint 9 at first glance but one of the following additional defects may be present. Keep in mind that all cards of this type will be designated as "Hand-Cut" on the PSA label for accuracy. The most common screening tool for prostate cancer is the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test. PSA is a protein produced by both cancerous and noncancerous tissue in the prostate, a small gland that sits below the bladder in men.PSA is mostly found in semen, which also is produced in the prostate. Under this grade, a pack may exhibit staining or discoloration of the wrapper, possibly due to water or mildew damage. Psa 10s ARE NOT in better condition overall than 9.5. Severe water damage may be present where it has seeped into the pack itself, affecting the cards contained within. - But then again PSA appears to be fickled at times - low PSA - High Gleason (7s , 8 or 9) - or - High PSA - Low Gleason (3 + 3) but these casses appear to be outliers. A Poor card may be missing one or two small pieces, exhibit major creasing that nearly breaks through all the layers of cardboard or it may contain extreme discoloration or dirtiness throughout that may make it difficult to identify the issue or content of the card on either the front or back. N-3 Evidence of Recoloration - Where a card's color appears to have been artificially improved. Centering must be 85/15 or better on the front and 90/10 or better on the back. Don’t get tested until you have that talk. ", Cards with focus below the minimum standards for the grade will be designated "OF. Cards that are cut within the limits established for a particular issue will be encapsulated and designated as "authentic" by PSA. With the prices generated by unopened packs in the marketplace, most notably in relation to vintage material, resealing and the outright counterfeiting of packs have been major industry problems. A fold or full crease may exist and extend or cross over the entire ticket. N-5 Altered Stock - This includes, but is not limited to characteristics on the card that appear to show some form of alteration such as paper restoration, crease/wrinkle pressing or enhanced gloss. Free PSA: When total PSA is in the range of 4.0-10.0 ng/mL, a free PSA of less than 10 percent raises the likelihood that prostate cancer is present depending on age; whereas a high free PSA (more than 25 percent) indicates a low risk of prostate cancer, depending on age. For example, there will not be cards graded PSA NM-MT-Plus 8.5 OC or PSA EX-MT-Plus 6.5 PD since the half-point is reserved for high-end cards within each grade. The PSA values over 10 is a moderate cancer marker and moderate indicator of prostatitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia, or hepatitis A, the presence of an indwelling catheter can come with slightly elevated PSA results too. In some cases, no excess tearing (beyond the acceptable limits for a stub) will be allowed within a particular grade. The term altered may mean that the card shows evidence of one or more of the following: trimming, recoloring, restoration, and/or cleaning. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a protein produced exclusively by prostate cells. And that is why this card received a 9 grade. The first thing to do is talk to your doctor about the pros and cons of prostate cancer screening before you decide whether to be tested. N-0 Authentic Only - This means that PSA is only certifying that the item is genuine, without a numerical grade. … A person’s risk of high PSA levels may increase with age. As the PSA levels increase above 10 ng/mL, the probability of prostate cancer increases dramatically. Of concern is men with a rise of 2.0 ng/ml within one year. Professional Sports Authenticator (PSA) & PSA/DNA are divisions of Collectors Universe, Inc. Get free collecting news from leading hobby professionals, in-depth articles, breaking news, insightful videos & more! There are instances where wrapper centering issues are the norm. The wrappers designed for that product clearly do not fit the way that most factory wrappers should. N-6 Minimum Size Requirement - When a card is significantly undersized according to factory specifications. In Men Over 50: BPH May Be the Cause of High PSA. As the PSA levels increase above 10 ng/mL, the probability of prostate cancer increases dramatically. A fold or full crease that does not cross the entire ticket may be present. PSA Grading Standards Using the Classic 1952 Topps Mickey Mantle, Want more visuals? Share on Pinterest. Men with prostate cancer often have elevated PSA levels because the cancer cells make excessive amounts of this protein. The surface quality may be subject to three or more light-to-medium surface creases; this ticket may also show some warping. Major tears may appear on all four corners and along the edges. Grading Scale Autograph grades are determined using a grading scale of 1-10 , with 10 being best, and are established based upon the quality of … Three non-game related punctures or holes may be present. A card doctor may use scissors, scalpel, cutter, or any other sharp instrument. This service does not include traditional sheet-cut cards. N-7 Evidence of Cleaning - When a whitener is used to whiten borders or a solution is used to remove wax, candy, gum or tobacco stains. Doctor wants to do biopsies. The eye appeal factor is virtually as important to pack grading as it is to the approach used in trading card grading. In addition, if the customer chooses, PSA will grade and encapsulate entire panels if those panels will fit in any of our current PSA holders. Those tickets will be labeled "AUTHENTIC." The PSA test can be useful for detecting prostate cancer, monitoring its treatment, or assessing its recurrence. That wrapping may also be misaligned but, in order to qualify under this grade, a sizeable portion of the seal must remain secure. Card may show some loss of original gloss, may have minor wax stain on reverse, may exhibit very slight notching on edges and may also show some off-whiteness on borders. PSA is measured in nanograms per millimeter (ng/mL). A PSA PR-FR 1 will appear obviously abused: the ticket's corners and edges exhibit pronounced and extreme wear. If you’re at a high risk, you and your doctor can decide. On PSA EX-5 cards, very minor rounding of the corners is becoming evident. The key factor, regardless of the technical measurement of the centering, is whether or not the centering (or lack thereof) of the wrap affects the overall eye appeal. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a protein produced by the prostate that is used to track progression of known prostate cancer. News release, U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. There may be an allowance made for a small printing imperfection as long as the pack still shows superb eye appeal. The chance of having prostate cancer goes up as your PSA level increases (see table below). Although most doctors would consider a PSA of less than 4 ng/mL normal, some doctors say anything over 2.5 is abnormal. A PSA Mint 9 is a superb condition card that exhibits only one of the following minor flaws: a very slight wax stain on reverse, a minor printing imperfection or slightly off-white borders. A very slight surface abrasion or evidence of modest surface damage, on the front or back, may be acceptable if limited. In conclusion, the issues discussed do not apply to the vast majority of cards that filter through the PSA grading process each day but this is an issue that needed some clarification in the marketplace. In addition, PSA will allow cards that have had a coupon or tab removed from the original card to be submitted under this service. Borders may be somewhat yellowed and/or discolored. However, the PSA test was first developed only to monitor men who had a history of prostate cancer. In this case, if the card exhibits extremely strong characteristics in other areas (color, corners, etc. PSA is prostate specific antigen, a protein made by prostate cells that shows up in your blood with a PSA blood test. Here’s what you should know. Defects such as general wear, print defects, staining, paper loss and fading of original ink may be slightly more severe. If the cut exceeds the visible border for the card in question, PSA will encapsulate the card as "Authentic" only. A PSA VG-EX 4 card's corners may be slightly rounded. A PSA NM 7 is a card with just a slight surface wear visible upon close inspection. mostly ‘psa’ mean ‘public service announcement’ but recently i’ve found that it is also another way to say ‘personal self advice’. These include but are not limited to obstacles such as gum and/or wax residue that can alter the overall freshness of a pack and, in turn, hinder the grade. This test can help doctors to … When the centering of the card falls below the minimum standard for that grade will be designated "OC." A PSA NM-MT 8 is a super high-end card that appears Mint 9 at first glance, but upon closer inspection, the card can exhibit the following: a very slight wax stain on reverse, slightest fraying at one or two corners, a minor printing imperfection, and/or slightly off-white borders. 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