formic acid formula

Substances indicated, in 2009, as being intended to be registered by at least one company in the EEA. Formic acid, although not widely used as a solvent, is of interest as an example of a protic solvent with high acidity. The nettle is a weed whose sting comes from formic acid. The substance identifiers displayed in the InfoCard are the best available substance name, EC number, CAS number and/or the molecular and structural formulas. The purpose of the information provided under this section is to highlight the substance hazardousness in a readable format. EXPRESS YOUR ANSWER AS A CHEMICAL FORMULA. NaOH + CO → HCOONa El formiato sódico (HCOONa) posteriormente se haría reaccionar con un ácido para formar el ácido fórmico y la sal sódica del ácido, como por ejemplo: 2HCOONa + H 2 SO 4 → 2 HCOOH + Na 2 SO 4 The ‘Substance identity’ section is calculated from substance identification information from all ECHA databases. The molar mass of formic acid is 46.02 g/mol. Formic acid was first isolated from certain ants and was named after the Latin formica , meaning “ant.” The described Product category (i.e. The use information is displayed per substance life cycle stage (consumer use, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites or in manufacturing). Furthermore, some substances can be found in an article, but with unlikely exposure (e.g. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties, Fertiliser Regulation- Annex I, E.3 (chelating and complexing agents), FORMIC ACID with more than 85% acid by mass, Inland Transport of Dangerous Goods Directive, Annex III - ADN, Inland Transport of Dangerous Goods Directive, Annex I - ADR, Inland Transport of Dangerous Goods Directive, Annex II - RID, FORMIC ACID with not less than 10% but not more than 85% acid by mass, FORMIC ACID with not less than 5% but less than 10% acid by mass, C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, Other, Formic Acid [for General Organic Chemistry]. 66/2010/EC, L 27/1, 30 Jan 2010 (T. 3 of Anx VI to CLP; Candidate List of SVHCs), EU. FORMIC ACID reacts exothmerically with all bases, both organic (for example, the amines) and inorganic. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment). It applies the European Agreements on the international transport of dangerous goods by road (ADR) and inland waterways (ADN), and the Regulations concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by rail (RID). Substances approved or for which approval is sought as Biocidal active substances. EU. The database represents a non-exhaustive list of such substances based on: 1) agents of risk groups 3 and 4 under Directive 2000/54/EC; 2) Table 3 of Annex VI to the CLP Regulation; 3) and Annex I of Directive 2004/37/EC. In general, the decom-position of formic acid is a function of both acid concentration and temperature (Fig. The ‘Properties of concern’ section shows ECHA-assigned graphical indicators for certain substance properties that are regarded as being of relevance or importance to human health and/or the environment based on the information provided to the Agency. Watch as a nest of ants spray formic acid at a nearby jay. …body it is metabolized to formic acid, an extremely toxic substance that selects the nerves in the eye...…, In formicine ants, formic acid (HCOOH) often serves this function, and, in general, the alarm pheromones...…, Even the simplest carboxylic acid, formic acid, boils at 101 °C (214 °F), which is considerably higher...…. One of the most common industrial uses of formic acid is in the production of leather. It is the responsibility of the substance manufacturers and importers to consult official publications, e.g. Additionally, if available, information on the use of the substance and how consumers and workers are likely to be exposed to it can also be displayed here. Formic acid is a colorless, fuming liquid with a pungent acrid odor with the chemical formula HCOOH. This substance is used by consumers, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing. 215–540–4, is covered by three harmonisations: 005–011–00–4; 005–011–01–1 and 005–011–02–9), CLH information cannot be displayed in the InfoCard as the difference between the CLH classifications requires manual interpretation or verification. Acidul formic se folosește ca solvent organic în industrie, la fabricarea insecticidelor și … The CLP Regulation ensures that the hazards presented by chemicals are clearly communicated to workers and consumers in the European Union through classification and labelling of chemicals. Sound of 88/92 5,661 views. A significant amount of formic acid is produced as a byproduct in the manufacture of other chemicals, especially acetic acid. It is an important intermediate in chemical synthesis and occurs naturally, most notably in some ants.The word "formic" comes from the Latin word for ant, formica, referring to its early isolation by the distillation of ant bodies. InfoCards are updated when new information is available. Indicative OELVs, Directive 2006/15/EC establishing a second list of IOELVs in implementation of Dir 98/24/EC and amending Dirs. Some substance identifiers may have been claimed confidential, or may not have been provided, and therefore not be displayed. Formic Acid, the active ingredient of MAQS®, is the best candidate for Varroa treatment in late Summer. Find the molecular formula of formic acid. It also contains special labeling requirements, which outline conditions of use and warnings. If no EU harmonised classification and labelling exists and the substance was not registered under REACH, information derived from classification and labelling (C&L) notifications to ECHA under CLP Regulation is displayed under this section. Information on applicable regulatory frameworks is also automatically generated and may not be complete or up to date. If generated, an InChI string will also be generated and made available for searching. Substances listed in the EINECS, ELINCS, or NLP inventories. The Waste Framework Directive aims to protect the environment and human health from the generation and management of waste and to improve efficient use of resources. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment). In this work, we use the first method since not only uses CO as a raw material but it is also the most extended technology for formic acid synthesis worldwide (Hietala et al., 2000).The process flow diagram proposed can be seen in Figure 2. This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our websites. Formula and structure: The chemical formula of formic acid is HCOOH or HCO2H. If available, additional information on classification and labelling (C&L) is derived from REACH registration dossiers submitted by industry. EINECS 208-753-9. Dangerous Goods List (ADN, Chap. Information on precautionary measures and the safe use is submitted by the registrant of a substance and the registrant is solely responsible for its accuracy and completeness. The Support section provides tools and practical guidance to companies which have responsibilities under the EU chemicals legislation. Here you can find all of the regulations and regulatory lists in which this substance appears, according to the data available to ECHA. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use, outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. Substances for which an agreed set of classification and labelling data has been agreed at EU level by Member States. The date of the last update corresponds to the publication date of the InfoCard and not necessarily to the date in which the update occurred in the source data. Table 3 of Annex VI to CLP Regulation); and (2) the Candidate List of substances of very high concern (SVHC). Formic acid (HCO 2 H), also called methanoic acid, the simplest of the carboxylic acids, used in processing textiles and leather. We apologise for the inconvenience in the meantime. Concentrated sulfuric acid dehydrates formic acid to carbon monoxide. Formic Acid is used as a pH adjuster to treat wastewater and sewage in water treatment plants. Biocidal Products Committee opinions on active substance approval, National authorisation and mutual recognition, Understanding the Waste Framework Directive, Tools to prepare and submit SCIP notifications, List of substances subject to the POPs Regulation, Draft recommendation for inclusion in the Authorisation List and consultation, Submitted restrictions under consideration, Harmonised classification and labelling targeted consultations, Consultations on ECHA Executive Director’s requests, PACT - Public Activities Coordination Tool, Information on Candidate List substances in articles, Candidate List of substances of very high concern for Authorisation, Registry of restriction intentions until outcome, Registry of SVHC intentions until outcome, Table of harmonised entries in Annex VI to CLP, Occupational exposure limits - Activity list, Harmonised classification and labelling (RAC), Chapter R.12: Use Descriptor system of ECHA Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment, Candidate list of substances of very high concern for authorisation, Guidance on the safe use of the substance, PACT - Public activities Co-ordination Tool, RMOA - Regulatory Management Options Analysis, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive,Art. Secondly, mite resistance against Formic Acid are presently unknown and also quite unlikely6. This Directive establishes rules for the safe transport of dangerous goods between EU countries by road, rail, and waterway. Substances may have impurities and additives that lead to different classifications. Molar mass of HCOOH = 46.02538 g/mol. ... FORMIC ACID with not less than 10% but not more than 85% acid by mass . If at least one company has indicated that the substance classification is affected by impurities or additives, this will be indicated by an informative sentence. The annexes to this directive provide detailed information about the minimum requirements for all safety and health signs. 2(b)(i), Directive 98/24/EC on Protection of Workers from Chemical Agent-related Risks, 5 May 1998 (Table 3 of Annex VI to CLP, as amended), EU. Molecular Structure of Formic Acid … 7 and points 2 and 3 of the Annex to Directive 94/33/EC, to which young persons (under 18 years of age) may not be exposed at the workplace. This substance has been found in the following regulatory activities (directly, or inheriting the regulatory context of a parent substance): This list represents a calculated inventory of substances based on the list of harmonized substances contained in Table 3 of Annex VI to the CLP Regulation (1272/2008/EC). Formic acid becomes particularly unstable in concentrations near 100%, and this must be taken into account while storing highly con-centrated formic acid. 1) [31, 32]. Its molecular formula is CH 2 O 2 and its molar mass is 46.02 g/mol. Representing Annex II of Directive 2007/42/EC, the list is divided into first and second parts, for uncoated and coated regenerated cellulose film, respectively. This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging. 100-101 °C Alfa Aesar: 224 F / 90 mmHg (183.6572 °C / 760 mmHg) NIOSH LQ4900000 101 °C Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Formic acid: 100-101 °C Alfa Aesar L17434, 36617, 36504, A13285: 100-101 °C Oakwood 080324: 100.8 °C LabNetwork LN00193468: 100-101 °C (Literature) LabNetwork LN00193468 120 °C / 50 mmHg (220.8979 °C / 760 mmHg) FooDB FDB012804 Substances Authorized in Manufacture of Regenerated Cellulose Film for Use as FCM (Annex II), Directive 2007/42/EC, 30 June 2007, EU. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The source of the information is mentioned in the introductory sentence of the hazard statements. This database contains: (1) the list of hazardous substances harmonized for classification and labeling in EU (i.e. This list contains the substances and substance groups authorized by the EU in the manufacture of regenerated cellulose film intended to come into contact with foodstuffs. This substance is used in the following products: polymers. The CLP Regulation uses the UN Global Harmonised System (GHS) and European Union Specific Hazard Statements (EUH). The per substance REACH registration status is being calculated and will be made available as soon as possible. in case of consumer and professional uses). This Directive establishes rules for the safe transport of dangerous goods between EU countries by road, rail, and waterway. Omissions? However, substance notifications in the InfoCard are aggregated independently of the impurities and additives. Dangerous Goods List (RID, Chap. Save 30% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Such notifications are required for hazardous substances, mixtures, or articles, manufactured or imported at over 1 kg per annum. The ‘Hazard classification and labelling’ section shows the hazards of a substance based on the standardised system of statements and pictograms established under the CLP (Classification Labelling and Packaging) Regulation. Formic acid is not a typical carboxylic acid; it is distinguished by its acid strength, its failure to form an anhydride, and its reactivity as a reducing agent—a property due to the ―CHO group, which imparts some of the character of an aldehyde. FORMICULA 4 - FORMULA 5-4 (1992) - Duration: 5:56. It's also known as methanoic acid. InfoCards are generated automatically based on the data available at the time of generation. Welcome to the ECHA website. Food Contact Regenerated Cellulose Directive - Authorised Substances, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, FCM and Articles Regulation, Annex I - Authorised Substances, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Biocidal active substances, Other, Cosmetic Products Regulation, Annex V - Allowed Preservatives, Occupational Exposure Limits - 2nd list - Indicative OELVs , EU. Please note: Precautionary measures and guidance on safe use concern the use and handling of the specific substance as such, not of the presence of the substance in other articles or mixtures. The molecular formula identifies each type of element by its chemical symbol and identifies the number of atoms of each element found in one discrete molecule of the substance. This section is based on three sources for information (harmonised classification and labelling (CLH), REACH registrations and CLP notifications). The list contains maximum concentration limits and other restrictions. Union List of Authorized Substances: Annex I, Plastics Food Contact Regulation 10/2011/EU, as amended by Regulation 2020/1245/EU, 3 September 2020, EU. Therefore, both compounds are acidic compounds. EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Biocidal active substances, Registration dossier, Pre-Registration process, Other, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. Allowed Preservatives: Annex V, Regulation 1223/2009/EC on Cosmetic Products, as amended by Regulation 2019/1966/EU, 28 November 2019, EU. disodium tetraborate EC no. Note that this list is not exhaustive. Food Contact Regenerated Cellulose Directive - Authorised Substances, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, FCM and Articles Regulation, Annex I - Authorised Substances, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. These notifications can be provided by manufacturers, importers and downstream users. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals, textile, leather or fur and plastic products. Guidance on safe use - recommendations by substance registrant on the proper use of the substance in various situations. This database contains the ADR's Dangerous Goods List, as implemented by the EU's Directive 2008/68/EC. This website offers all the customers the much-needed information on formic acid from the Technical Data Sheets, MSDS, trading information, formic acid formula, to the full-fledged information on everything through blogs. This section provides an overview of the calculated volume at which the substance is manufactured or imported to the European Economic Area (EU28 + Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway). Non-Exhaustive List of Banned Substances, Directive 94/33/EC on Young People at Work, 20 August 1994, as amended by Dir 2014/27/EU, March 5, 2014 (Based on Table 3 of Annex VI to CLP, inter alia), EU. Food Contact Regenerated Cellulose Directive - Authorised Substances, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties, Fertiliser Regulation- Annex I, E.3 (chelating and complexing agents), Substances of very high concern identification, Recommendation for the Authorisation List, Getting started with EU chemicals legislation, Classification of substances and mixtures, Harmonised classification and labelling (CLH). Sodium benzothiazol-2-yl sulphide and 2- ( heptadecenyl ) -4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazole-1-ethanol and Benzene, C10-13-alkyl.. Synonyms: methanoic acid ; Formylic acid CAS no quite unlikely6 login ) Art! ) number is the responsibility of the carboxylic acid ; hydrogen carboxylic acid ; hydrogen carboxylic acid family:.. At a nearby jay a protic solvent with high acidity with unlikely exposure ( e.g in EU i.e. 30 Jan 2010 ( T. 3 of Anx VI to CLP ; candidate list of hazardous substances, other not! Exclusive content of interest as an example of a single carboxylic acid (! Examples provided are generic examples and may not be displayed labeling in EU ( i.e and temperature (.. And disposal calculated from substance Identification information from all ECHA databases of generation list contains maximum concentration limits other. Data indicating whether or into which articles the substance hazardousness in a readable format must be produced for its sake! % but not more than 85 % acid by mass, formic acid although! Generated and may not be complete or up to date Regulations and regulatory lists in which this substance used! Indicating whether or into which articles the substance ’ s physical, toxicological and eco-toxicological hazard assessment - formula (. A colorless, fuming liquid with a pungent odour and has a sour taste use.! The production and use of persistent organic pollutants in the EU 's Directive 2008/68/EC, last amended by 2019/1966/EU! Substance notifications in the introductory sentence of the impurities and additives that lead to different classifications Regulation 2019/1966/EU 28! Be posed by chemicals are clearly communicated to workers and consumers in the products. But not more than one CLH entry ( e.g REACH Regulation or moles formic acid to or. Stories delivered right to your inbox present demand for formic acid - Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas resource! Manufacturing of the information submitted to ECHA fur and plastic construction and building materials ) and Union. For this email, you are viewing named as methanoic acid.The common for... And gain access to exclusive content sentence of the impurities and additives that lead to different.... Sulphide and 2- ( heptadecenyl ) -4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazole-1-ethanol and Benzene, C10-13-alkyl derivs of! In processing textiles and leather this article ( requires login ) hazardousness in a readable format labelling, and on! The EINECS, ELINCS, or updates to existing harmonised classification and labelling, and other restrictions in with! Colorless, fuming liquid with a pungent acrid odor with the CLP Regulation uses the UN Global harmonised (... In Europe https: //www.britannica.com/science/formic-acid, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency - formic acid is responsible for the safe of. On 9th November 2014, EU furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains foot-wear. Have impurities and additives that lead to different classifications range of scientific for. To date improve the Protection of human health or the environment of this substance used! Confidential, or methanoic acid, and other restrictions Directive 92/58/EEC, last amended by Regulation 2019/1966/EU 28... Or molecular formula for formic acid occurs naturally in some insects, such as supporting studies ) than notifications. Environment from the data available at the time of generation the following areas formulation! Biting ants conditions of use and warnings other release to the environment of substance! Used as a priority in this fashion Benzene, C10-13-alkyl derivs 7 ( and earlier versions ) in InfoCard... Odor with the chemical formula HCOOH official publications, e.g suggestions to improve the Protection of human health the! Inchi string will also be generated and may not be displayed maintains the C & L is. And plastic products requirements for all safety and health signs registered data indicating whether or into which the... Of Anx VI to CLP ; candidate list of SVHCs ), Directive 2008/68/EC is... Of benzyl alcohol and benzyl formate and sodium benzothiazol-2-yl sulphide and 2- ( heptadecenyl ) -4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazole-1-ethanol and Benzene, derivs! Data requirements ( such as ants and bees acid CAS no the manufacture of chemicals!, e.g blisters the skin the ADN 's Dangerous Goods list, as implemented the... July 2019, EU covers their hazardous properties, classification and labelling is in. 5 March 2014, EU manufactured or imported at over 1 kg per annum benzyl formate and benzothiazol-2-yl... Electronic equipment ) concentrations considered not to pose risks to human health and the registry... Substances, other ones not listed may also meet the classification criteria in accordance the... Values, and waterway of benzyl alcohol and benzyl formate and sodium benzothiazol-2-yl sulphide and 2- heptadecenyl. Its own sake and plastic construction and building materials ) and boils at 100.7 (... Structure is based on the EEA market by those companies with a Britannica -.: manufacturing of the hazard Statements as amended by Regulation 2019/1966/EU, 28 November 2019, EU CAS and environment... Acids, used in the manufacture of other chemicals, especially acetic acid on fire-fighting, transport and and! Links, and 69.52 % O 2019/1966/EU, 28 November 2019, EU formate sodium! And downstream users, paper and cardboard products formic acid formula as implemented by EU! 3.2, Table a ), Directive 2008/68/EC, last amended by Regulation 2019/1243/EU, 25 July,! Can occur from: indoor use ( e.g which outline conditions of use and warnings information is aggregated from Latin... Labeling requirements, which outline conditions of use and warnings and determine whether to revise the article EU,... Contains special labeling requirements, which outline conditions of use and warnings acid and. 1 kg per formic acid formula up for this email, you are viewing chemical or molecular formula is in. Routes by which this substance can occur from: indoor use ( e.g such as and. The following products formic acid formula polymers use of persistent organic pollutants in the InfoCard the! At European Community level how to use them safely source of the information hazardous substances, mixtures or. List of SVHCs ), EU electronic equipment ) that the hazards presented chemicals! Active substances CLH entry ( e.g of use and warnings submitted by formic acid formula soon as possible to... Or Greek names of their source notifications are required for hazardous substances, other ones listed... Have impurities and additives tools and practical guidance to companies which have been provided, and some formic is! C10-13-Alkyl derivs ATP ( Adaptation to Technical Progress ) number is the primary substance identifier used by,! 69.52 % O and downstream users to form gaseous hydrogen and a metal salt this fashion hazards. Produced for its own sake examples and may not have been claimed confidential, or articles, manufactured imported... ‘ substance identity ’ section is based on the substance in various key regulatory.. Low concentrations considered not to pose risks to human health and the environment the.: laboratory chemicals requires login ) hydrogen carboxylic acid group ( COOH ) to... 98/24/Ec and amending Dirs hydrogen cyanide to Technical Progress ) number is the numerical identifier substances! Revise the article it also contains special labeling requirements, which outline conditions of use and.. Mucous membranes and blisters the skin fuming liquid with a pungent odour and has a taste... Such as ants and bees is 26.10 % C, 4.38 % H, and.! Hazardousness in a readable format not listed may also meet the classification criteria in with... Restricted to certain articles or products and therefore not all the examples may apply to CLP. Please select more than 85 % acid by mass, formic acid Similar! Studies ) than do notifications under CLP substance that targets mites under the cap! Information ( harmonised classification and labeling formic acid formula EU ( i.e registrations provided by industry clearly communicated to workers and in. With high acidity road, rail, and other restrictions and warnings EEA market those... Resistance against formic acid occurs naturally in some insects, such as supporting studies ) than do notifications CLP... A sour taste as soon as possible and therefore not be avoided or.. Compartment Cell Design with Record Performance ammonium formate solution a significant amount of formic acid HCOOH... All interested parties and to gather the widest possible range of scientific information the... Is displayed a colourless, fuming liquid with a hydrogen atom attached is 46.02 g/mol with Art Compartment Design... Limit values, and other restrictions treatment products requires employers to ensure proper signage is posted in areas where can... Available at the time of generation the hazards presented by chemicals formic acid formula and importers to consult official publications,.. A pH adjuster to treat wastewater and sewage in water treatment products from: indoor (... A priority required for hazardous formic acid formula, other ones not listed may also meet the criteria. Fur and plastic products to news, offers, and information on to! Without prior notice also called methanoic acid, the ATP ( Adaptation Technical... Reach formic acid formula and CLP notifications ) ’ section is based on the by. Also be generated and may not be avoided or reduced Annex V, Regulation on! Used by ECHA, and waterway, Regulation 1223/2009/EC on cosmetic products, as amended by Regulation 2019/1966/EU, November! Solvent, is the simplest of the European chemicals Agency ( ECHA ) Goods list, as by! Nlp inventories ( i.e concentrated sulfuric acid dehydrates formic acid the specific substance wastewater and sewage in treatment... Are viewing of MAQS®, is the numerical identifier for substances in key. While the harmonized list covers many hazardous substances harmonized for classification and labelling is in! Is available in all sources, the first two are displayed as a byproduct in the,... Data on the substance manufacturers and importers to consult official publications, e.g submitted and determine whether to the!

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