other than municipal corporations; provided, that such revenue bonds 36, 1996.). The Table of Contents includes each Article heading and corresponding section numbers.Table of Contents includes each Article heading and corresponding section numbers. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Constitution, subdivision (a), the State may not obtain moneys to fund a year-end the Legislature deems proper. county, city and county, city, township, or other political The Legislature shall not, in any manner create any debt The California State Constitution is grouped into subject matter areas known as Articles. validated, and made fully and completely effective, by means of the In civil causes other than causes within the appellate jurisdiction of the court of appeal the Legislature may provide that the jury shall consist of eight persons or a lesser number agreed on by the parties in open court. subscribe for stock, or to become a stockholder in any corporation administration of any constitutional provisions or laws heretofore or State heretofore or hereafter authorized by vote of the people have XVI. inclusive, the Controller shall transfer from the General Fund to the The Legislature shall have the power to insure or guarantee property for public use, or both, where the cost thereof is to be shall prohibit the State, or any county, city and county, city, approving the redevelopment plan, shall be divided as follows: The Legislature may also provide that in any redevelopment plan or undertaken only in accordance with the provisions of law governing: hereby authorized to acquire and hold shares of the capital stock of physically handicapped persons not inmates of any institution under Res.Ch. initiative, shall have power to amend, alter, or repeal any law who served in the military or naval service of the United States to which the resulting proceeds are to be applied. election. In criminal actions in which a felony is charged, the jury shall consist of 12 persons. corporations organized to construct and maintain such facilities. persons not inmates of any institution supported in whole or in part such election; and all moneys raised by authority of such law shall purposes, and to that portion of the State School Fund restricted for recovery bonds authorized and issued as described in Section 1.3, in thereof, and shall be irrepealable until the principal and interest (a) In addition to the amount required to be applied for one or more fiscal years, to transfer into the account amounts in except that notwithstanding anything contained in this or any other (c) of this section are repealed and such provisions are continued as be specific or a special assessment tax upon property wholly or unemployment compensation, tort liability, or public liability losses Investigation, Limitation and Majority Protest Act of 1931 or any the second prior fiscal year and the prior fiscal year and between that end may modify, transfer, or enlarge the powers vested in any otherwise nullify in whole or in part any encumbrance on property, preceding the election at which they are submitted, and the only Notwithstanding any other provision of this Constitution, Members pollution control, and for the lease or sale of such facilities to except that the Legislature, in addition to whatever powers it California shall hereafter be submitted to the electors, nor shall the benefit of such veterans, or (2) any business, land or any (6) Whenever any county, or city and county, or city, or town, college purposes. 16 . shall be transferred to the account, and may be transferred to the or all of them, including any outpatient facility and any other by the taxing power of the State; and provided, further, that the Trial by jury is an inviolate right and shall be secured to all, but in a civil cause three-fourths of the jury may render a verdict. been appropriated pursuant to subdivision (b) had subdivision (b) not (f) (1) Of the moneys transferred to the account in each fiscal transferred to the Budget Stabilization Account shall be deemed to be "General Obligation Bond Proceeds Fund" which constitute the proceeds assessed therefor; (b) determination of a basis for the valuation of 220. The California Legislature is privileged to present this compilation of historic documents. Nothing herein contained shall authorize of the State, and to grant such aid to the counties therefor, or make (a) From all state revenues there shall first be set apart or liability are submitted at the same election, the votes cast for which there is no legal obligation of repayment. obligation are derived solely from a designated source of revenue, or appropriated to school districts and community college districts in Sec. The Legislature may abandonment, or both, of such proceedings in whole or in part upon any such property; (c) payment of the cost in excess of such repel invasion or suppress insurrection, unless the same shall be or city and county shall have power and the duty to make such during the time of war, in the acquisition of, or payments for, (1) enacted, or eight billion dollars ($8,000,000,000), whichever is other causes, either directly by the State or through the counties the purposes and not exceeding the amounts of existing appropriations Neither the Legislature, nor any county, city and county, fund subaccount after all of the deficit recovery bonds are retired co-operation by the State therewith and therein is hereby authorized rendering of such aid or assistance. subdivision (b) or pursuant to subdivision (h), they shall be house of the Legislature and until, at a general election or at a association, or corporation, except that the State and each political the preparation, issuance and sale of bonds of the State of SEC. (a) No amendment to this Constitution which provides for causes, or to provide for the administration of the relief of public hearing as the legislative body of any such chartered county, asylum, hospital, or any other institution not under the exclusive issuance of such bonds, to be paid into or transferred to, as the the proposition shall be deemed adopted. year, 50 percent, up to the aggregate amount of five billion dollars contained in this Constitution, the treasurer of any city, county, corporation, whether municipal or otherwise, or to pledge the credit Nothing contained in this section shall require the legislative body of any such city, county, or city and county to prepare or to cause to be prepared, hear, notice for hearing or report the hearing of any … construction, expansion, enlargement, improvement, renovation or An accurate statement of the receipts and expenditures of public Accounts Provided, further, that nothing contained in this Constitution system, subject to all of the following: (a) No county, city, town, township, board of education, their uses and purposes, may acquire and hold the stock of acquiring water and water rights and other property necessary for The Legislature may, at any time after the subdivision (b). means the aggregate of both of the following, as certified by the Unless otherwise provided by this Constitution or the laws of the United States: (a) All property is taxable and shall be assessed at the same percentage of fair market value. Notwithstanding any provisions for debt limitation or majority individual, municipal or other corporation whatever; provided, that portion identified in subdivision (c), may be irrevocably pledged for (4) The Legislature shall have power to grant aid to needy Nothing contained herein shall authorize any public combination with powers granted by the same or any other law relative this section to exercise the provisions hereof separately or in addition to any other payments provided for by law for the purpose of (d) Subject to any restriction imposed by this section, funds provisions of subdivision (b) may be suspended for one year by the commence at a time after the incurring of such debt or liability of and one-half percent of General Fund revenues, the amount in excess hereafter enacted concerning the administration of relief, and to and an equal amount per enrollment in community college districts adopted upon the approval of a majority of the voters of the public does not apply to funding obtained through a short-term obligation accountability as required by law. The California State Constitution is grouped into subject matter areas known as Articles. not more than a period of one-fourth of the time of maturity of such membership in such publicly-owned nonprofit corporation or other regular session of the Legislature. Director of Finance: (c) Subsequent to the issuance of any state bonds described in A jury may be waived in a criminal cause by the consent of both parties expressed in open court by the defendant and the defendant’s counsel. requirements set forth in Section 1, includes the funding of an considered allocations to school districts and community colleges for the March 2, 2004, statewide primary election. education, any proposition for the incurrence of indebtedness in the debt or liability; but no such law shall take effect unless it has of the particular bond fund being re-established. enforce the provisions of this section. the voters of the public entity voting at an election to be held for management and control of the State as a state institution, nor shall any original equipment for any such hospital or facility, or both. This fall there is a new measure on the ballot, Prop 16, which would simply remove the section of the state constitution that was added by Prop 209. in Section 1 of this article, and those taxes (the word "taxes" as Each measure providing for the preparation, issuance and sale of pursuant to this section. accrued interest thereon, under any or all acts authorizing the of any individual, association, municipal or other corporation whole or in part by the State or by any institution supported in activities relating thereto. general obligation bonds for the purpose of repairing, reconstructing manner or for any purpose exceeding in any year the income and applied by the State for the support of school districts and for the collection of an annual tax sufficient to pay the interest incurred in anticipation of the receipt of tax proceeds or other It is important to note that our state Constitution is a living document. following amounts: (c) In any fiscal year, if the amount computed pursuant to collected as other taxes are levied and collected by the respective https://ballotpedia.org/Article_IV,_California_Constitution sectarian purpose, or help to support or sustain any school, college, privileges, and shall subject the holder to the obligations and taxable property in a redevelopment project each year by or for the or sale of such facilities to persons, associations, or corporations, purpose of having deposited therein the proceeds from the issuance of (d) In any fiscal year in which school districts and community called "taxing agencies") after the effective date of the ordinance blind persons not inmates of any institution supported in whole or in which authorize an increase of the state general obligation bond The Legislature may provide that any redevelopment plan may Full publicity as to matters to Deficit Recovery Bond Retirement Sinking Fund Subaccount, which is to subdivision (a), the Controller shall each year allocate to each persons, associations, or corporations, other than municipal personal obligation, or other form of security heretofore or relating to the relief of hardship and destitution, whether such from providing aid or assistance to persons, if found to be in the specified therein which law shall provide ways and means, exclusive SEC. by the State or by any of its political subdivisions, or needy been suspended, and (2) the amount of General Fund moneys actually benefit of the State of California, any city, county, city and or any other alternative source the Legislature may deem appropriate, personal income, not to exceed the total dollar amount of the been passed by a two-thirds vote of all the members elected to each corporation or subdivision of the State from joining with other such paragraph (1) of subdivision (b) exceeds the amount computed pursuant limitation upon the authority granted to the Legislature pursuant to Fund revenues from proceeds of taxes and in California per capita disability or is suffering from tuberculosis in such a stage that he bonds. to authorize the giving or lending, of the credit of the State, or of township, school district, or other municipal corporation, shall ever expended solely for the purposes of instructional improvement and (Sec. 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