8:9, 14, Rom. Christ, by His obedience and death, did fully discharge the debt of all those that are thus justified, and did make a proper, real, and full satisfaction to His Father’s justice in their behalf. Whosoever taketh an oath ought duly to consider the weightiness of so solemn an act, and therein to avouch nothing but what he is fully persuaded is the truth. 13:1–4, 1 Pet. Under the gospel, when Christ the substance was exhibited, the ordinances in which this covenant is dispensed, are the preaching of the Word, and the administration of the sacraments of Baptism and the Lord's Supper; which, though fewer in number, and administered with more simplicity and less outward glory, yet in them it is held forth in more fullness, evidence, and spiritual efficacy, to all nations, both Jews and Gentiles; and is called the New Testament. 8:28, Ps. 2:4, Cant. 24:4) It cannot oblige to sin; but in any thing not sinful, being taken, it binds to performance, although to a man’s own hurt. 104:24, Ps. 6:4–5) yet they never truly come unto Christ, and therefore cannot be saved: (John 6:64–66, John 8:24) much less can men, not professing the Christian religion, be saved in any other way whatsoever, be they never so diligent to frame their lives according to the light of nature, and the laws of that religion they do profess. (John 14:6, 1 Tim. As Christ would have us to be certainly persuaded that there shall be a day of judgment, both to deter all men from sin; and for the greater consolation of the godly in their adversity: (2 Pet. 4. (Gen. 34:14, Exod. 9:12, 15), 6. It belongeth to synods and councils, ministerially to determine controversies of faith, and cases of conscience; to set down rules and directions for the better ordering of the public worship of God, and government of His Church; to receive complaints in cases of maladministration, and authoritatively to determine the same: which decrees and determinations, if consonant to the Word of God, are to be received with reverence and submission; not only for their agreement with the Word, but also for the power whereby they are made, as being an ordinance of God appointed thereunto in His Word. (Eph. The books commonly called Apocrypha, not being of divine inspiration, are no part of the canon of the Scripture, and therefore are of no authority in the church of God, nor to be any otherwise approved, or made use of, than other human writings.h 4. Westminster Confession of Faith . 11:18–22). The infallible rule of interpretation of Scripture is the Scripture itself: and therefore, when there is a question about the true and full sense of any Scripture (which is not manifold, but one), it must be searched and known by other places that speak more clearly. 1:19) those former ways of God’s revealing His will unto His people being now ceased. 13:1, 1 Kings 2:35, Acts 25:9–11, 2 Pet. 7:19, Gal. 16:33), 2. V. The moral law doth forever bind all, as well justified persons as others, to the obedience thereof; and that not only in regard of the matter contained in it, but also in respect of the authority of God the Creator who gave it. 61:8, Ps. 1:20, 1 Cor 11:27–34, Jude 23), 4. 11:27) and grieve His Holy Spirit, (Eph. 119:101, 104, 128) and the threatenings of it serve to shew what even their sins deserve; and what afflictions, in this life, they may expect for them, although freed from the curse thereof threatened in the law. 2:13, 1 John 5:10, Acts 24:14) and acteth differently upon that which each particular passage thereof containeth; yielding obedience to the commands, (Rom. 6:5) of regeneration, (Tit. 2:5, Eph. 22:19–21, Luke 1:3–4, Rom. 12:7, Luke 23:43, Matt. As the providence of God doth, in general, reach to all creatures, so, after a most special manner, it taketh care of his Church, and disposeth all things to the good thereof. 2:6, Isa. 5:4–6, Ps. 10:20) wherein, upon just occasion, the person swearing solemnly calleth God to witness what he asserteth, or promiseth, and to judge him according to the truth or falsehood of what he sweareth. 11:26–28, Matt. Which office he took not unto himself, but was thereunto called by his Father; who put all power and judgment into his hand, and gave him commandment to execute the same. IV. 3:14) working all things according to the counsel of His own immutable and most righteous will, (Eph. 3:6, 14–15, Matt. 10:5, Rom. 50:10) and be the which, in the mean time, they are supported from utter despair. 2:14–15) and power to fulfill it: (Eccl. This covenant was differently administered in the (time of the law), and in the (time of the gospel): (2 Cor. III. (1 Cor. 8:26) according to His will, (1 John 5:14) with understanding, reverence, humility, fervency, faith, love, and perseverance; (Ps. 10:16–17,21, 1 Cor. 6:13, Neh. The Son of God, the second person in the Trinity, being very and eternal God, of one substance and equal with the Father, did, when the fulness of time was come, take upon Him man’s nature, (John 1:1, 14, 1 John 5:20, Phil. 19:11) although not as due to them by the law as a covenant of works. For the better attaining of these ends, the officers of the church are to proceed by admonition, suspension from the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper for a season; and by excommunication from the Church, according to the nature of the crime, and demerit of the person. Chapter 7 - Of Godâs Covenant with Man. 2:3, 1 Cor. 5:17, 1 Thess. 10:11–12, 14, 18), 3. Although ignorant and wicked men receive the outward elements in this sacrament; yet, they receive not the thing signified thereby; but, by their unworthy coming thereunto, are guilty of the body of the Lord, to their own damnation. (Acts 23:12, 14, Mark 6:26, Numb. (1 Pet. 3:11) and promising to give unto all those that are ordained unto eternal life His Holy Spirit, to make them willing, and able to believe. (Luke 13:3, 5, Acts 17:30–31), 4. III. 1:15–16, 18) yet, because they proceed not from an heart purified by faith; (Gen. 4:5, Heb. 4:14,16, Heb. III. Of Religious Worship, and the Sabbath-day. 6:9–10, Acts 28:26–27), 7. 9:22) which are, in their several times and seasons, to be used in an holy and religious manner. 8:18, Ps. (Deut. CHAPTER 1 THE CONFESSION OF FAITH. In the case of adultery after marriage, it is lawful for the innocent party to sue out a divorce, and after the divorce to marry another, as if the offending party were dead. 5:11,14, Rom. The outward elements in this sacrament, duly set apart to the uses ordained by Christ, have such relation to Him crucified, as that, truly, yet sacramentally only, they are sometimes called by the name of the things they represent, to wit, the body and blood of Christ; (Matt. (John 1:12, Acts 16:31, Gal. 143:2, Ps. The civil magistrate may not assume to himself the administration of the Word and sacraments, or the power of the keys of the kingdom of heaven: yet he hath authority, and it is his duty, to take order, that unity and peace be preserved in the Church, that the truth of God be kept pure and entire; that all blasphemies and heresies be suppressed; all corruptions and abuses in worship and discipline prevented or reformed; and all the ordinances of God duly settled, administered, and observed. 2:2, Acts 20:32, Rom. Unto this catholic and visible Church, Christ hath given the ministry, oracles, and ordinances of God, for the gathering and perfecting of the saints, in this life, to the end of the world; and doth by his own presence and Spirit, according to his promise, make them effectual thereunto. 12:21–23, Luke 16:25–26, Rev. 5:1–2, Heb. 28:18–20), 2. 4:1–3,6–7, Gal. True believers may have the assurance of their salvation divers ways shaken, diminished, and intermitted; as, by negligence in preserving of it; by falling into some special sin, which woundeth the conscience, and grieveth the Spirit; by some sudden or vehement temptation; by God's withdrawing the light of his countenance and suffering even such as fear him to walk in darkness and to have no light: yet are they never utterly destitute of that seed of God, and life of faith, that love of Christ and the brethren, that sincerity of heart and conscience of duty, out of which, by the operation of the Spirit, this assurance may in due time be revived, and by the which, in the meantime, they are supported from utter despair. This faith is (different in degrees,) weak or strong; (Heb. (Luke 16:29, 31, Eph. 5:7) But, under the new testament, the liberty of Christians is further enlarged, in their freedom from the yoke of the ceremonial law, to which the Jewish Church was subjected; (Gal. 4:4, 1 Tim. (1 Pet. 15:8, Exod. 13:4, Matt. Although the work of redemption was not actually wrought by Christ till after his incarnation, yet the virtue, efficacy, and benefits thereof were communicated into the elect, in all ages successively from the beginning of the world, in and by those promises, types, and sacrifices wherein he was revealed, and signified to be the seed of the woman, which should bruise the serpent's head, and the Lamb slain from the beginning of the world, being yesterday and today the same and for ever. (Gen. 24:2–3, 5–6, 8–9), 4. VI. (John 15:26, Gal. 2:5) by the help of His Spirit, (Rom. Under the name of Holy Scripture, or the Word of God written, are now contained all the books of the Old and New Testaments, which are these, Genesis 21, Exod. VIII. 24:1, 1 Chron. 32:40, Isa. It is likewise of use to the regenerate, to restrain their corruptions, in that it forbids sin, and the threatenings of it serve to show what even their sins deserve, and what afflictions in this life they may expect for them, although freed from the curse thereof threatened in the law. The first covenant made with man was a (covenant of works), (Gal. Neither are the forementioned uses of the law contrary to the grace of the gospel, but do sweetly comply with it: the Spirit of Christ subduing and enabling the will of man to do that freely and cheerfully, which the will of God, revealed in the law, requireth to be done. 5:7, 2 Cor. 5:21, Matt. 7:2–3), 6. 5:4), 5. Although in relation to the foreknowledge and decree of God, the first cause, all things come to pass immutably and infallibly, yet, by the same providence, he ordereth them to fall out according to the nature of second causes, either necessarily, freely, or contingently. 4:16, Matt. III. (2 Thess. 1:9, Tit. The books commonly called Apocrypha, not being of divine inspiration, are no part of the canon of the Scripture, and therefore are of no authority in the Church of God, nor to be any otherwise approved, or made use of, than other human writings. 65:16) so a lawful oath, being imposed by lawful authority, in such matters, ought to be taken. 5:2, Rom. They being the root of all mankind, the guilt of this sin was (imputed); (Gen. 1:27–28, Gen. 2:16–17, Acts 17:26, Rom. The promises of it, in like manner, show them God's approbation of obedience, and what blessings they may expect upon the performance thereof; although not as due to them by the law as a covenant of works: so as a man's doing good, and refraining from evil, because the law encourageth to the one, and deterreth from the other, is no evidence of his being under the law, and not under grace. 3:27, Rom. 16:22, Gal. IV. The name of God only is that by which men ought to swear, and therein it is to be used with all holy fear and reverence; therefore to swear vainly or rashly by that glorious and dreadful name, or to swear at all by any other thing, is sinful, and to be abhorred. 49:23, Rom. (Luke 3:14, Rom. (1 Cor. 5:17, Rom. 33:5–6) in the beginning, to create, or make of nothing, the world, and all things therein whether visible or invisible, in the space of six days; and all very good. He is the alone fountain of all being, of whom, through whom, and to whom are all things (Rom. 15:4), 9. 12:23, 1 John 3:2, Jude 24), 1. 1:19–20, Rev. 2:2, 14–15, 20, Rev. Leviticus 1:1) and afterwards, for the better preserving and propagating of the truth, and for the more sure establishment and comfort of the Church against the corruption of the flesh, and the malice of Satan and of the world, to commit the same wholly unto writing: (Prov. And yet their neglect of them is more sinful, and displeasing unto God. The Lord Jesus, in His human nature thus united to the divine, was sanctified, and anointed with the Holy Spirit, above measure, (Ps. V. Adultery or fornication, committed after a contract, being detected before marriage, giveth just occasion to the innocent party to dissolve that contract. 59:21), 4. III. 1:5, 2 Thess. (Gen. 2:24, Matt. The outward element to be used in this sacrament is water, wherewith the party is to be baptized, in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, by a minister of the Gospel, lawfully called thereunto. Yet inasmuch as he was given by the Father for them, and his obedience and satisfaction accepted in their stead, and both freely, not for any thing in them, their justification is only of free grace, that both the exact justice and rich grace of God might be glorified in the justification of sinners. And may have the end, the only Mediator between God and very man, yet saw corruption! Often and many have erred 5:18 ) so as, a natural,! 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